The town of Carterton, near Brize Norton, is to continue the tradition with the creation of a purpose-built repatriation
UNHCR states that involuntary repatriation "would in practice amount to refoulement.
35) When UNHCR determines that such a change has occurred, UNHCR implements large-scale voluntary repatriation programs.
In contrast, the 1951 Refugee Convention allows host states to determine an end to refugee status and mandate repatriation.
It remains unclear whether the degree of change required to facilitate voluntary repatriation and to mandate repatriation are the same.
This paper begins with the investigation of the historical/ theoretical voluntary repatriation framework, which asserts that refugees should only repatriate to their country of origin on a voluntary basis when the socio-political and ethnic situation that instigated their problem comes to an end.
The UNHCR asserted that both refugee agencies and academic analysts commonly utilize the following concepts: asylum flow, mass expulsion, ethnic cleansing, disaster-induced displacement, development-induced displacement, forced migration, internal displacement, population transfer, population exchange, involuntary repatriation, and imposed return.
Therefore, it is impossible to clearly comprehend the dynamics and magnitude of the present resettlement issues without articulating the historical/ contemporary context of resettlement and voluntary and forced repatriation theories.
Clearly, however, Cuban authorities singled out the Haitian community for forced repatriation.
Unlike Haitian braceros (laborers), most legal Jamaican immigrants had complied with their colony's Emigrants Protection Laws, and were thus eligible for repatriation at their government's expense.
56) Without the firm backing of organized labor, Haitian immigrants stood alone against the repatriation effort which soon followed.
The last repatriation
to the town took place on August 18, when the body of Lieutenant Daniel Clack, 24, of 1st Battalion The Rifles, was brought back to the UK.