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Laws that regulate the rent that can be charged for space. Rent-control laws were originally enacted as emergency measures after World Wars I and II,because many returning service personnel emigrated to urban centers.This caused housing shortages and dramatic rent increases, with a resulting increase in evictions.Today,rent control is seen as a legitimate exercise of a government's police power and usually does not require an emergency situation.The state of New York differentiates between rent-controlled apartments and rent-stabilized apartments because of the dates of differing legislation. Rent-controlled apartments are still operating under laws enacted in 1947. They require that the tenant have continuously occupied the apartment since before July 1, 1971. As those apartments vacate, they become rent-stabilized under other legislation, or they become decontrolled under some circumstances.