absorption

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Related to radiation absorption: Absorption of electromagnetic radiation

Absorption

1. The total demand for all goods and services in an economy. One calculates the absorption by adding the value of all goods and services produced and consumed locally to that of all imports.

2. A French term for acquisition.

absorption

the sharing of indirect costs or OVERHEADS to units of product by means of COST RATES. Provided that actual overheads do not exceed BUDGET and that actual output is the same as budgeted output, then the overhead cost rate should allow total product cost to be determined, and a selling price set which will recover the overhead costs involved in producing and selling the product. See STANDARD COST, OVERHEAD COST VARIANCE.
References in periodicals archive ?
The simulation results for the DOM and the P1 models are similar for both TCI approaches whereas the OPT model leads to a higher cooling effect--because of the absence of radiation absorption. The emission rate is similar for all three TPDF cases as the same radiative properties have been employed.
Bakr, "Effect of the chemical reaction and radiation absorption on the unsteady MHD free convection flow past a semi infinite vertical permeable movingplate with heat source and suction," Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation, vol.
We observe that there is a transient increase in the blood velocity with an increase in the radiation absorption. Such increases in blood velocity and hence wall shear stress together with the possible development of hot spots in the flow system mean that the therapy dose needs to be carefully controlled.
where: [[alpha].sub.sw,si]--mean solar radiation absorption coefficient of internal surfaces of the building.
One channel measures the radiation absorption due to C[O.sub.2], the other serves as a reference in the atmospheric window.
At the latitude of the Arctic Circle, such a transition could boost average radiation absorption by 20 watts per square meter.
As described in Eq 1, the extent of the radiation heating depends on the radiation absorption coefficient that is a function of the material components and radiation wavelength.
This standard, set in conjunction with the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardisation, is a measure of radiation absorption measured in W/kg body weight.
Nokia, the world's largest cellphone maker, second-placed Motorola and the fourth largest, Ericsson, have agreed with the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardisation on a way to measure radiation absorption on phones.
where: m is the mass of a catalyst particle, [c.sub.p] the specific heat capacity, Q the efficiency of radiation absorption, [a.sub.p] the projected area of the particle seen by the laser, and I the laser flux.
Gauges for the thickness measurement, based on radiation absorption technique, have found useful applications - chiefly in metallurgical, industries to detect cavities in rolled sheet ingots, to measure the thickness of hot rolled strip and plate steel and to measure the wall thickness of hot rolled strip and plate steel and to measure the wall thickness of steel tubes.