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Related to quarters: Fiscal Quarters


Three months of a year, often abbreviated as "Q." Q1 is January, February, and March; Q2 is April, May, and June; and so forth. Publicly traded companies must report on their earnings and other business performance measures every three months. Analysts also use quarters to measure performance internally. For example, one might compare sales in Q1 of 2009 to those in Q1 of 2008 to measure the company's health without having to account for seasonal variance. Often, quarters are abbreviated along with the calendar year; for example, the second quarter of 2006 is expressed as Q2 2006 or Q2/06.


1. One quarter of a point. For bond quotes, a quarter represents one quarter of 1% of par, or $2.50. Thus, a bond quoted at 91 2/4 is being offered for $917.50.
2. A 3-month period that represents 25% of a fiscal year.


The financial world splits up its calendar into four quarters, each three months long.

If January to March is the first quarter, April to June is the second quarter, and so on, though a company's first quarter does not have to begin in January.

The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) requires all publicly held US companies to publish a quarterly report, officially known as Form 10-Q, describing their financial results for the quarter. These reports and the predictions that market analysts make about them often have an impact on a company's stock price.

For example, if analysts predict that a certain company will have earnings of 55 cents a share in a quarter, and the results beat those expectations, the price of the company's stock may increase. But if the earnings are less than expected, even by a penny or two, the stock price may drop, at least for a time.

However, this pattern doesn't always hold true, and other forces may influence investor sentiment about the stock.


One-fourth of a year. For 2007, January, February, and March would be written as 1Q07; April,May,and June would be 2Q07,and so on.

References in periodicals archive ?
East Hobbs Unit, Lea County, New Mexico - The Company drilled five new development wells in the third quarter and plans on converting eight more existing wells into water injectors in the fourth quarter as part of its overall development program.
Opteum") (NYSE:OPX), a real estate investment trust (REIT) that operates an integrated mortgage-related securities investment portfolio and mortgage origination platform, today announced financial results for the quarter ended March 31, 2006.
Two-bedroom per-room prices rose 18 percent over the last year to $105,778, while prices for studio and one-bedroom units rose 15 percent from last year's second quarter to $60,000 per room.
The fourth quarter sales in Westchester County (actual closings with title passed in the period October 1 to December 31, 1996) numbered 1,848.
We believe this growth will be improved following the implementation of the refinery optimization plan over the next two quarters.
1 percent from the third quarter of 2004, followed by Georgia, where existing-home sales rose 14.
Production costs and taxes in the second quarter of 2005 of $696,361 increased slightly from $667,851 in the second quarter of 2004.
0% for both the first quarter of 2005 and the first quarter of 2004.
Product shipments under this contract occurred in the second and third quarters of 2004.
NOTE (A): The seasonally adjusted annual rate for a particular quarter represents what the total number of actual sales for a year would be if the relative resale pace for that quarter were maintained for four consecutive quarters.