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Three months of a year, often abbreviated as "Q." Q1 is January, February, and March; Q2 is April, May, and June; and so forth. Publicly traded companies must report on their earnings and other business performance measures every three months. Analysts also use quarters to measure performance internally. For example, one might compare sales in Q1 of 2009 to those in Q1 of 2008 to measure the company's health without having to account for seasonal variance. Often, quarters are abbreviated along with the calendar year; for example, the second quarter of 2006 is expressed as Q2 2006 or Q2/06.
Farlex Financial Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All Rights Reserved


1. One quarter of a point. For bond quotes, a quarter represents one quarter of 1% of par, or $2.50. Thus, a bond quoted at 91 2/4 is being offered for $917.50.
2. A 3-month period that represents 25% of a fiscal year.
Wall Street Words: An A to Z Guide to Investment Terms for Today's Investor by David L. Scott. Copyright © 2003 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. All rights reserved.


The financial world splits up its calendar into four quarters, each three months long.

If January to March is the first quarter, April to June is the second quarter, and so on, though a company's first quarter does not have to begin in January.

The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) requires all publicly held US companies to publish a quarterly report, officially known as Form 10-Q, describing their financial results for the quarter. These reports and the predictions that market analysts make about them often have an impact on a company's stock price.

For example, if analysts predict that a certain company will have earnings of 55 cents a share in a quarter, and the results beat those expectations, the price of the company's stock may increase. But if the earnings are less than expected, even by a penny or two, the stock price may drop, at least for a time.

However, this pattern doesn't always hold true, and other forces may influence investor sentiment about the stock.

Dictionary of Financial Terms. Copyright © 2008 Lightbulb Press, Inc. All Rights Reserved.


One-fourth of a year. For 2007, January, February, and March would be written as 1Q07; April,May,and June would be 2Q07,and so on.

The Complete Real Estate Encyclopedia by Denise L. Evans, JD & O. William Evans, JD. Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The key represents supply (quartermaster), the cannon represents maintenance and munitions (ordnance), and the ship's wheel represents movement (transportation).
Tin Aung Myint Oo, commander of the North Eastern Region became, the new quartermaster general, also with a step up in rank.
COSTUME DRAMA: Jody Murphy plays the fiddle watched by Sara Hamblin (left) and Emma Chillari in rehearsal for The Quartermaster's Song.
In the new Interim Brigade Combat Teams taking shape at Fort Lewis, Wash., for example, logistics units will be small, according to the Army Quartermaster General, Maj.
Erastus Holmes, a quartermaster in the 5th Indiana Cavalry, was captured and held in the notorious Confederate prison camp at Andersonville, Georgia.
He served in the Continental Army from 1775 to 1778 in the Quartermaster's Department and lived thereafter in retirement.
The Quartermaster School (QMS) has implemented leader development practices through its Leader and Workforce Development Program, which promotes the growth and sustainment of its leaders and members of its composite workforce.
She said quartermaster Robert Hitchins spotted the iceberg only for a steering blunder to send it smashing into it.
"The responsibility of a quartermaster is to get the ship where it needs to go.
Army Quartermaster Center and School/deputy commanding general, Fort Lee, Fort Lee, Va., to deputy chief of staff, G-4, U.S.

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