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Quarter

Three months of a year, often abbreviated as "Q." Q1 is January, February, and March; Q2 is April, May, and June; and so forth. Publicly traded companies must report on their earnings and other business performance measures every three months. Analysts also use quarters to measure performance internally. For example, one might compare sales in Q1 of 2009 to those in Q1 of 2008 to measure the company's health without having to account for seasonal variance. Often, quarters are abbreviated along with the calendar year; for example, the second quarter of 2006 is expressed as Q2 2006 or Q2/06.

quarter

1. One quarter of a point. For bond quotes, a quarter represents one quarter of 1% of par, or $2.50. Thus, a bond quoted at 91 2/4 is being offered for $917.50.
2. A 3-month period that represents 25% of a fiscal year.

Quarter.

The financial world splits up its calendar into four quarters, each three months long.

If January to March is the first quarter, April to June is the second quarter, and so on, though a company's first quarter does not have to begin in January.

The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) requires all publicly held US companies to publish a quarterly report, officially known as Form 10-Q, describing their financial results for the quarter. These reports and the predictions that market analysts make about them often have an impact on a company's stock price.

For example, if analysts predict that a certain company will have earnings of 55 cents a share in a quarter, and the results beat those expectations, the price of the company's stock may increase. But if the earnings are less than expected, even by a penny or two, the stock price may drop, at least for a time.

However, this pattern doesn't always hold true, and other forces may influence investor sentiment about the stock.

quarter

One-fourth of a year. For 2007, January, February, and March would be written as 1Q07; April,May,and June would be 2Q07,and so on.

References in periodicals archive ?
The quarter-finalists - aka The Lakeside Eight - go headto-head on January 5, with the final on January 10, live on BBC TV right before the BDO world championship final.
Slovakian Hantuchova was a Wimbledon quarter-finalist in 2002 and joins a field in Eastbourne which is headed by US Open champion Kim Clijsters and world number one Amelie Mauresmo.
Day, a quarter-finalist last year, fired in breaks of 90, 135, 84 and 73 to complete the whitewash in only 82 minutes.
Hogan easily disposed of former quarter-finalist Bob Taylor.
Of the 20 Americans who started in Arizona, losing quarter-finalist Stewart Cink was their longest-lasting competitor, so it would have made painful viewing for US skipper Corey Pavin.
Day, a quarter-finalist at Newport last year, fired in breaks of 90,135, 84 and 73 to complete the whitewash in only 82 minutes.
Coach Vladimir Weiss, one-time Czechoslovak World Cup quarter-finalist, said: "To make group level is a fantastic achievement that has made us feel like a big European club.
Britain will be guaranteed at least one quarter-finalist if number four Jamie Delgado wins his first round match against Davide Sanguinetti, because the winner of that match plays either Barry Cowan or Martin Lee.
Greg Rusedski, a quarter-finalist last year, has decided to take the week off while Tim H enman, who will become the new British number one on Monday, is defending his title at the Tashkent Open.
The 17-year-old, who last week became the youngest ever quarter-finalist in the history of the Masters, was beaten 10-7 by Mansfield's Lee Spick as his attempt to reach the Crucible for the first time ended in this opening qualifying match.
Henderson ended the chances of Merseyside teenager Stephen Bunting 3-0 and Thornton caused a minor upset by ousting World Masters quarter-finalist Martin Atkins.