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Related to quarter: Quarter year


Three months of a year, often abbreviated as "Q." Q1 is January, February, and March; Q2 is April, May, and June; and so forth. Publicly traded companies must report on their earnings and other business performance measures every three months. Analysts also use quarters to measure performance internally. For example, one might compare sales in Q1 of 2009 to those in Q1 of 2008 to measure the company's health without having to account for seasonal variance. Often, quarters are abbreviated along with the calendar year; for example, the second quarter of 2006 is expressed as Q2 2006 or Q2/06.


1. One quarter of a point. For bond quotes, a quarter represents one quarter of 1% of par, or $2.50. Thus, a bond quoted at 91 2/4 is being offered for $917.50.
2. A 3-month period that represents 25% of a fiscal year.


The financial world splits up its calendar into four quarters, each three months long.

If January to March is the first quarter, April to June is the second quarter, and so on, though a company's first quarter does not have to begin in January.

The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) requires all publicly held US companies to publish a quarterly report, officially known as Form 10-Q, describing their financial results for the quarter. These reports and the predictions that market analysts make about them often have an impact on a company's stock price.

For example, if analysts predict that a certain company will have earnings of 55 cents a share in a quarter, and the results beat those expectations, the price of the company's stock may increase. But if the earnings are less than expected, even by a penny or two, the stock price may drop, at least for a time.

However, this pattern doesn't always hold true, and other forces may influence investor sentiment about the stock.


One-fourth of a year. For 2007, January, February, and March would be written as 1Q07; April,May,and June would be 2Q07,and so on.

References in periodicals archive ?
Real gross domestic product grew at an annual rate of about 2 1/4 percent in the first quarter of 1996.
The average size of a Manhattan apartment that sold this quarter was 1,169 square feet, a 14% drop from 1,358 square feet seen last quarter as entry-level market activity picked up, showing some concern over the potential for rising mortgage rates.
There were 1,884,910 square feet of Class A space available in Stamford at the end of the third quarter versus 1,763,132 square feet last quarter and 1,714,424 square feet a year ago.
The eastern submarket (Hartsdale, Harrison, Larchmont, Mamaroneck, Portchester, Rye, Purchase, Rye Brook and Scarsdale) witnessed the largest decline in the vacancy rate compared to the fourth quarter of 2001, dropping from 16.
The Fairfield County total net absorption for the second quarter 2001 was a negative 517,703 SF.