where [sigma] is the standard deviation, then the mean-squared distortion, which is a measure of irreversible error incurred during the quantization
, consists of granular [D.
From above introduction in Section 1, quantization
is a crucial step in the wireless key establishment procedure because it provides initial information of the wireless channel.
The main contribution of this paper is to (i) experimentally illustrate the importance of handling the ADC imprecisions in a model-based controller, and (ii) introducing a novel and generic robust DSMC design technique for improving the robustness characteristics of a conventional controller against sampling and quantization
imprecisions, with application to the throttle body control.
In contrast to the backward adaptation technique, forward adaptation provides gain in Signal to Quantization
Noise Ratio (SQNR) in the wide dynamic range , as well as less sensitivity to transmission error ; however, it requires transfer of side information to the receiving part.
In these cases, the NGN network can be useful for 3D modeling since their average quantization
error is below this range.
However, clipping error is enough low and then quantization
error is low, too.
In this paper, we refer to as Normalized Correlation based Quantization
Index Modulation (NCQIM) Combined with Least Significant Bit (LSB) and Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) techniques that is, in general, many specific situations optimal.
Figure 3 (a), (b) and (c) are the effect drawings with bilateral filter whose iteration number is 8, and soft quantization
level is 8, 10, and 12 respectively.
Whereas in GTR and its Newtonian approximation all allowed circular or nearly-circular orbits about a massive central object are equilibrium orbits, QCM dictates that only a subset of these equilibrium orbits are permitted by the quantization
of angular momentum per unit mass constraint.
In fact that the histogram equalization and successive mean quantization
transform algorithms calculate all pixels new in the picture, the computing time is given in [10.
Therefore, fitness evaluation has three features: the quantitative feature, complete quantization
feature, and the partial quantization
Almost all practically used algorithms adopt a Quantization
stage, which makes the algorithms lossy, and thus achieve a desired compression ratio.