It was produced after a simplified operative technique was performed in one appointment on very deep proximal carious lesions, radiographically suspected of pulp exposure
. The present IPT success rate compares favourably to older reports on formocresol pulpotomy, as summarized in Coll's  review.
Total caries removal could lead to pulp exposure
. In addition, the removal of all carious dentin from the cavity is no longer necessary to manage the carious lesion .
In cases where pulp exposure
is inevitable, direct pulp capping may provide an enhanced recovery of the pulp.5
Responses were unequivocal in their management of a carious pulp exposure
; all taught their students to perform a pulpotomy.
This case report aimed to describe the 10-year follow-up data of a patient who underwent tooth fragment reattachment to the maxillary central incisor after coronal fracture with pulp exposure
as well as the procedures followed for functional and esthetic adjustments.
Keys Words: Caries, First permanent molars, periapical radiographs, pulp exposure
, clinical examination.
Of note, animal studies are based on mechanical pulp exposures
of noncarious teeth, whereas human studies are conducted on carious teeth with pulps likely already inflamed.
Exten- sive loss of enamel with dentine involvement or pulp exposure
is scored 2 or 3, respectively.
Methods: Restorable permanent first molars (64) with carious pulp exposures
were randomly assigned to two groups; CH and MTA.
Furthermore, complicated crown fracture is a fracture involving enamel, dentin, and pulp exposure
and therefore requires the treatment of the pulp by pulp capping, pulpotomy, or pulpectomy.
Radiographically the crown had caries with pulp exposure
. The lamina dura was widened with apical radiolucency.
Whereas the United Kingdom (UK) national clinical guidelines in paediatric dentistry state that "Primary molars with loss of more than two-thirds of the marginal ridge usually require a pulpotomy" [Llewelyn, 2000], the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) recommends indirect pulp treatment, without removal of the deepest carious dentine so as to avoid a pulp exposure
, if the tooth has no or reversible pulpitis [American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, 2006].