The placement of biocompatible materials on pulp injury site defends the pulp-dentin complex against chemical insult by operative procedures, material toxicity and bacterial penetration due to microleakage.1-3 Calcium Hydroxide (CaOH) has been regarded as a preference material in situations where vital pulp therapy is indicated.2,5-6 However, CaOH displays partial dentin bridge formation with tunnel defects resulting in pulp capping
failure.2 Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) has provoked significant attention being a direct pulp capping
material in present-day dentistry.
The Inflammatory cells count analysis after pulp capping
in each group after 1, 7, 14 and 30 days are shown in Graph 1.
Another respondent, who reported teaching non-setting CaOH for direct pulp capping
in primary teeth, also taught the use of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) for this purpose.
To date, researchers have been unable to identify a reliable non-resorbable bioactive pulp capping
material that consistently stimulates cellular repair mechanisms, seals the dentin and promotes formation of a biologically stable reparative dentin bridge.
the MTA in the framework of direct pulp capping
. It presents some advantages easy to handle, can be used as a provisional coronal obturation, timesaving and better cost effectiveness.
Opacic-Galic et al., "Direct pulp capping
with novel nanostructural materials based on calcium silicate systems and hydroxyapatite," Serbian Dental Journal, vol.
Numerous studies have investigated the effects of CT-incorporated Gp compound in tissue regeneration; this compound exhibits biocompatibility and stimulates osteogenesis/odontogenesis and is thus studied for bone formation in orthopedics [11-13] and as a pulp capping
material in dentistry [14, 15].
Indeed, clinical studies on protocols for indirect pulp capping
are necessary, and the results obtained in laboratory studies must be carefully applied to clinical conditions, because calcium hydroxide-based cements are significantly more soluble in distilled water than in simulated dentin fluid or saliva .
Sakai et al., "Clinical, radiographic and histologic analysis of the effects of pulp capping
materials used in pulpotomies of human primary teeth," European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry, vol.
BioAggregateexerts a greater potential to induce odontoblastic differentiation and mineralization than that of MTA in pulp capping
Role of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) and Calcium Hydroxide in Conservative Dentistry as Pulp Capping
Material: A Review.
Stolpe, "Calcium hydroxide versus mineral trioxide aggregate for direct pulp capping
: a cost-effectiveness analysis," Journal of Endodontia, vol.