As in the present study, five characters were considered in the Mycteria, which are directly related to the palatine; maxillopalatine process; lateral palatine crest; pterygoid process
of the palatine; ventral palatine crest and ventral palatine fossa, demonstrating the importance of this structure and that its different conditions are used to group different taxons of birds (GUZZI et.
After the flap was elevated, the tumor outline was visualized and the posterior sections of the maxilla and pterygoid process
were resected (Figure 3(b)).
For classification, the following three criteria were utilized: morphology, relationship with the infratemporal crest, and relationship with the pterygoid process
While applying conductive anaesthesia on the mandibular nerve by lateral subzygomatic route, presence of these ossified structures at the lateral plate's posterior border of pterygoid process
should be well considered and verified .
Other variants include aeration of the medial pterygoid process
(44%), anterior clinoid process (13%) and posterior orbital wall (Fig.
When present, pterygoalar recesses of the sphenoidal sinus were extending within the greater wing and the root of the pterygoid process
. Air cells within the petrous apex were also recorded.
Severe TBI with multiple facial fractures, including the right pterygoid process
lateral plate, the right parasymphyseal mandible, the left maxillary sinus medial wall, and the nasal septum.
The maxilla is associated with 10 bones in the face and head, so RME may affect structures directly or indirectly related to the maxilla, (21,22,26,27) mandible, (22,24,25,27,28) nasal cavity, (21,24,25,28,29,30,31) pharyngeal structures, (21,32,33) temporo-mandibular joint, (27) middle ear, (21,28,32,34,35) and the pterygoid process
of the sphenoid bone.