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Statistical composite that measures changes in the economy or in financial markets, often expressed in percentage changes from a base year or from the previous month. Indexes measure the ups and downs of stock, bond, and some commodities markets, in terms of market prices and weighting of companies in the index.
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A statistical measure of the value of a certain portfolio of securities. The portfolio may be for a certain class of security, a certain industry, or may include the most important securities in a given market, among other options. The value of an index increases when the aggregate value of the underlying securities increases, and decreases when the aggregate value decreases. An index may track stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and any other security or investment vehicle, including other indices. An index's value may be weighted; for example, securities with higher prices or greater market capitalization may affect the index's value more than others. One of the most prominent examples of an index is the Dow Jones Industrial Average, which is weighted for price and tracks 30 stocks important in American markets.
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The relative value of a variable in comparison with itself on a different date. Many security price indicators such as the Standard & Poor's series and the New York Stock Exchange series are constructed as indexes. Also called stock index. See also base period.


To adjust a variable by a selected measure of relative value. For example, it has been proposed that an investor's basis on a security be indexed for changes in consumer prices so that only real increases in value will be taxed. Also called tax indexing. See also subindex.
Wall Street Words: An A to Z Guide to Investment Terms for Today's Investor by David L. Scott. Copyright © 2003 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. All rights reserved.


An index reports changes up or down, usually expressed as points and as a percentage, in a specific financial market, in a number of related markets, or in an economy as a whole.

Each index -- and there are a large number of them -- measures the market or economy it tracks from a specific starting point. That point might be as recent as the previous day or many years in the past.

For those reasons, indexes are often used as performance benchmarks against which to measure the return of investments that resemble those tracked by the index.

A market index may be calculated arithmetically or geometrically. That's one reason two indexes tracking similar markets may report different results. Further, some indexes are weighted and others are not.

Weighting means giving more significance to some elements in the index than to others. For example, a market capitalization weighted index is more influenced by price changes in the stock of its largest companies than by price changes in the stock of its smaller companies.

Dictionary of Financial Terms. Copyright © 2008 Lightbulb Press, Inc. All Rights Reserved.


(1) A statistical indicator that measures changes in the economy in general or in particular areas.An example is the cost-of-living index.(2) A reference point against which measurements are taken for purposes of making future adjustments.An adjustable-rate mortgage might begin with an interest rate of 6 percent and provide that it will increase or decrease in a like percentage as the increase or decrease between today's quoted price for 10-year U.S.Treasury bonds and the price on the loan's annual anniversary date.We would say that 10-year T-bonds are the index.

Some leading loan indices include

• Wall Street Journal prime
• Federal discount rate
• Fed funds rate
• 11th District Cost of Funds
• 10-year Treasuries
• One-year LIBOR

The Complete Real Estate Encyclopedia by Denise L. Evans, JD & O. William Evans, JD. Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Comparison of Methods for Proliferative Index Analysis for Grading Pancreatic Well-Differentiated Neuroendocrine Tumors.
The results of this study highlight 2 main aspects: firstly, the high disagreement between overexpression as detected by immunohistochemistry and amplification as detected by FISH in aneusomic (polysomic in its usual sense) cases; secondly, the significantly higher proliferative index in the polysomic tumors.
Accurate identification of proliferative index in melanocytic neoplasms with melan-A/Ki-67 double stain.
Subsequent immunohistochemistry (IHC) was confirmatory of EFT with very characteristic & sensitive CD99 positivity (2) with positivity for vimetin & CD56 with proliferative index Ki (60-70%).
In NMZL, along with clinical parameters, treatment decisions are influenced by the morphologic description of an increased number of large cells or a high proliferative index rank.
(3,7) Adverse prognostic factors include advanced age, increased tumor size, a retroperitoneal primary site, and an increased proliferative index (MIB-1 $10%).3 Treatment modalities vary among individual cases of angiosarcoma, but surgical resection of the primary tumor and radiation therapy are usually used.
(20,39) In a recent study, Tang et al (29) found a proliferative index at 11% (SD = 2%) in a large series of GCC.
Granular cell tumor: immunohistochemical assessment of inhibin-alpha, protein gene product 9.5, S100 protein, CD68, and Ki-67 proliferative index with clinical correlation.
In keeping with the absence of mitosis, the proliferative index measured by Ki-67 antigen was very low (all antibodies from Dako, Glostrup, Denmark).
However, it is unknown whether these hematoxylin-eosin--based diagnoses are associated with indicators of biologic behavior, including overexpression of p53 gene product or an increased proliferative index as measured by Ki-67 expression.
Despite overexpression of cyclin D1, the lack of a high proliferative index in most cases of MCL suggests the presence of intact second-order regulators of the cell cycle.

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