professional bureaucracy

professional bureaucracy

an ORGANIZATION where much of the work is done by PROFESSIONALS. The organization depends on the extensive knowledge of these employees. This tends to encourage a certain degree of DECENTRALIZATION since it is difficult for superiors who do not possess the specialized knowledge to CONTROL what their subordinates do. There may well be conflict as managers attempt to enforce control.
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We need to look into the extent of the central government's influence on the affairs of the region, the dynamics between the professional bureaucracy and the traditional and political elites, the existence of an informal or "shadow" economy, and the impact of a local culture that gives importance to the interest of clans and social hierarchies.
Japan has had corruption scandals, but generally its culture and its professional bureaucracy put a premium on honesty and the judicious use of people's money.
LAHORE: In this author's last piece in these pages, it was suggested that our former colonial rulers had brought the extraordinary innovations of a professional military and a professional bureaucracy to the Subcontinent.
Following this perspective, this papers aims to situate the organizational mechanisms that influence the implementation of public policies within the scope of Brazilian social security, which includes health, as a special attention to the intervention of the medical professional bureaucracy.
This does not hold water for two reasons: One, while some state agencies are overstaffed, many are understaffed, casting doubt on the policies that subsequent governments are pursuing in terms of wanting to build a professional bureaucracy.
A stable professional bureaucracy insulated from the vagaries of politics ensures the continuity of public service, even when the political process itself may undergo intense turbulence.
Recruited and promoted on merit, public officials were insulated from politicians and society and they learned to enforce rules impartially in a professional bureaucracy.
Hence South Sudan does not have a skilled and professional bureaucracy.
Then again, the highly professional bureaucracy generally works well and has eliminated much of the 'red tape' which blighted it.
Libya has never been blessed with a professional bureaucracy, comparable, let's say, to that of neighboring Egypt.
Departments of education/ schooling retain some elements of a traditional professional bureaucracy, but their organizational structure is better described by what Skrtic and Ware (1992) called the "machine bureaucracy" of education:
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