The second is the question about whether a democracy can rightly enforce other laws against persons who have been pro tanto
excluded from democratic public discourse.
The statement that Person A values X seems to entail that A regards it as being pro tanto
a good thing that X exists: not necessarily good from the point of view of the universe (if that phrase makes sense), but good, at least, from As own perspective.
For semi-compatibilists, the control required for moral responsibility constitutes having certain reasons, including pro tanto
reasons, that causally determine our actions in an appropriate way.
Weaker Locative Analysis: G is non-instrumentally good for X if and only if (i) G is pro tanto
non-instrumentally good, (ii) G has properties that generate, or would generate, agent-relative reasons for X to desire G for its own sake, (iii) G is essentially related to X.
In sum, it seems that there is a strong pro tanto
moral argument along the lines above for extensive free speech from a concern for overall welfare.
If the renter or operator of the vehicle is uninsured or has less than $500,000 combined single limit coverage, the rental company is liable for up to an additional $500,000 in economic damages only, reduced pro tanto
by the coverage of the vehicle operator.
In the early 1980s, before Internal Revenue Code [sections] 130, defendants and/or their insurers owned structured settlement annuities that only discharged their obligations pro tanto
. Naturally, the control of the structured settlement process belonged to the defendant--the party at risk in the annuities.
In this respect, then, the term "pro tanto
duty" is just as misleading as Ross's term.
Reducing Nonsettling Parties' Liability Pro Tanto