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(134) Whilst acknowledging that a privileged communication may occur via an agent, the court took the strict view that such agency applies only if an agent's presence be absolutely necessary (a la interpreters).
In turn, Tang pointed out to the UNESCO's special and privileged communication with the Ministry of Education, where the Ministry's efforts in supporting and helping children to ensure their return to schools and to maintain the quality of education were reviewed.
Therefore, the referral itself is not protected as an attorney-client privileged communication."
It has new chapters on privacy, confidentiality, and privileged communication; informed consent; roles and relationships with clients; professional responsibility; and counselor competency.
Both statutes give tax-advice communications the same privilege protections that apply to a communication between a taxpayer and an attorney, as long as the communication would be considered a privileged communication if it were between a taxpayer and an attorney.
The military judge "may" examine the privileged communications "if such examination is necessary." (57) This essentially compelled a prudent military judge wishing to protect the record to at least review the privileged communication in camera once a party requested production.
In nonOcriminal tax matters, that privilege applies to any communication that "would be considered a privileged communication if it were between a taxpayer and an attorney" [IRC section 7525(a)(1)].
(182) For all the expansion of bulk data collection, however, FISA does explicitly address privileged communications as part of the Act's "minimization procedures." (183) The statute states that "[n]o otherwise privileged communication obtained in accordance with, or in violation of, the provisions of this subchapter shall lose its privileged character." (184) Coupled with the above explanation of bulk data collection and attorney-client privilege, this statutory protection raises some fundamental questions.
(89) Rules of privilege are generally regarded as substantive for conflict of laws purposes (90)--therefore, in jurisdictions that apply the law of the state with the "most significant relationship" to the dispute, the law of the forum with the most significant relationship to a privileged communication determines the existence and scope of the privilege.
RULING that the correspondence between the government and a former Chief Justice is " not a privileged communication", the Central Information Commission ( CIC) has directed law ministry to disclose the action taken on a request to probe former CJI K.
K.I (hereinafter "K.I."), confronted with a situation similar to that outlined above, considered whether, in an involuntary civil commitment hearing pursuant to the statute governing commitment of dangerous persons, a patient's privileged communication with his psychotherapist is waived where the patient is not in custody, and in the psychotherapist's opinion, poses an imminent risk of harm to others or to himself.
At an earlier hearing he said: "Privileged communication between members of the congregation and ministers is an absolute right and duty and there is no power in law to breach such a confidence."