Each item of the questionnaire was analyzed, showing that pretest
score for questions related to indication for hand washing, minimum timings required for hand rub, and spread of infection from unclean hands was quite low, as compared to post-test score, indicating statistically significant increment (p-value 0.000, 0.001and 0.046 respectively) (Table-I).
Absolute learning gain (% posttest score-% pretest
score) and relative learning gain (% posttest score-% pretest
score/% pre-test score) were calculated.
Independent t-test in order to evaluate state and trait anxiety scale scores in terms of gender variable for walking activity Pretest
Walking Male Female n: 40 n: 20 Trait AO[+ or -]SS 41.76[+ or -]7.51 43.01[+ or -]6.61 t 0.96 State AO[+ or -]SS t 34.41[+ or -]7.95 .73 35.12[+ or -]7.18 Posttest Walking Male Female n: 40 n: 20 Trait AO[+ or -]SS 34.99[+ or -]7.41 36.75[+ or -]5.89 t 1.16 State AO[+ or -]SS t 35.99[+ or -]6.72 1.06 36.75[+ or -]6.19 Difference Walking Trait AO[+ or -]SS .59 t State AO[+ or -]SS t .19 (*) p<0.05 Table 3.
Table: Comparison between pretest
and posttest values of state and trait anxiety.
Ask to Actually participate participated O1 X [O.sub.2] 50 [n.sub.1]=29 Pretest
Experiment Post-test O3 C [O.sub.4] 14 [n.sub.2]=10 Pre-test Control Post-test X [O.sub.5] 29 [n.sub.3]=20 No Pre-test Experiment Post-test C [O.sub.6] 11 [n.sub.4]=9 No Pre-test Control Post-test Totals 104 68 Table 2.
En primer lugar, para valorar la linea base en ambas condiciones antes de comenzar la intervencion, se realizo un analisis multivariante con las puntuaciones obtenidas en los instrumentos administrados (EQ-i:YV, OHQ, BFQ-NA, PHQ15), en experimentales y control en la fase pretest
. Los resultados del MANOVA pretest
para el conjunto de las variables no evidenciaron diferencias entre experimentales y control antes de la intervencion, lambda de Wilks, [LAMBDA] =0.917, F(12, 135) = 1.01, p> .05.
ESC guidelines tend to offer more conservative estimates of pretest
probability of CAD compared with NICE guidelines.
A quantitative research approach with one group pretest
and posttest design was selected to carry out the study.
Furthermore, if students receive both delivery formats, the order in which they are presented should not affect their pretest
nor posttest performance.
In the study, participants were asked about risk behaviors during pretest
counseling (at the time of testing) and then during a partner services (3) interview (at HIV diagnosis).