A 36-year-old female, gravida 1 para 1, presented with early pregnancy
with intermittent vaginal bleeding and lower abdominal pain for few days.
Authors reviewed all herbal products in the questionaries for echinacea as an ingredient and classified exposure as use during pregnancy
(total), early pregnancy
(conception to week 17) and later pregnancy
(week 17 to delivery).
An abdominal pregnancy
can be regarded as a form of an ectopic pregnancy
where fetus is growing and developing outside the uterus in abdominal cavity not in fallopian tube, ovary or broad ligament.1,2
Like other First Response pregnancy
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Transvaginal ultrasound revealed a 30x30 mm left adnexal mass suggestive of ectopic pregnancy
, uterine cavity was empty and a large amount of fluid was seen in the pelvis.
An ectopic abdominal pregnancy
could be a result of the primary peritoneal implantation, or the secondary one, following the primary tubal or ovarian pregnancy
that subsequently implants somewhere in the abdomen [1, 22].
When the pregnancy
test comes back positive, a life-altering journey begins.
We present an unusual case of tubo-omental pregnancy
with placental attachment to the omentum and fimbrial end of the fallopian tube.
He said symptoms of ectopic pregnancy
were light vaginal bleeding and pelvic pain while others could include nausea and vomiting, dizziness or weakness and sharp abdominal cramps among others.
 The initial condition of Studdiford  aimed for the detection of primary pregnancy
of abdomen demands both ovaries and tubes to be regular and not having any indication of a recent or remote injury.
For younger women, the researchers found an 8.5 per cent risk (85 cases per 1,000 pregnancies) of spontaneous preterm birth--delivery before 37 weeks of pregnancy
after labour that started on its own, for pregnancies spaced at six months.