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Payment of a financial obligation earlier than is expected or required.
Copyright © 2012, Campbell R. Harvey. All Rights Reserved.


A heavy metal shown to cause learning disabilities, behavioral problems, seizures, and even death in children.The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimates that 3 to 4 million children had elevated lead levels in their blood in 1978. The number has now been reduced to several hundred thousand, but elevated lead levels in blood is still the leading environmentally induced illness in children.

Federal law that went into effect in 1996 requires sellers and landlords of properties built before 1978 (when lead-based paint became illegal) to do the following before any contract or lease becomes final:

1. Provide a copy of the EPA booklet, “Protect Your Family from Lead in Your Home.”
2. Disclose any known information concerning lead-based paint or lead-based paint hazards.
3. Provide any records and reports on lead-based paint and/or lead-based paint hazards.
4. Include an attachment to the contract or lease (or language inserted in the lease itself) that includes a lead warning statement and confirms that the seller or landlord has complied with all notification requirements.
5. Provide home buyers a 10-day period to conduct a paint inspection or risk assessment for lead-based paint or lead-based paint hazards.

The Complete Real Estate Encyclopedia by Denise L. Evans, JD & O. William Evans, JD. Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Certain drugs including anti-arrhythmics, psychotropics, and cocaine that may induce ST elevation in right precordial leads should be avoided in patients with known Brugada syndrome (11).
The Brugada pattern includes a pattern resembling RBBB with elevation of the ST segment in the precordial leads (V1V2).
The present study was aimed to determine ST-Segment elevation in right precordial leads in patients with pertinent clinical findings to find out the frequency of RVI at our centre Liaquat Medical College Hospital, Hyderabad14.
There are three different ECG patterns and in all three types, the ECG shows [greater than or equal to] 2mm J point (junction between the termination of QRS complex and beginning of ST segment) elevation and a characteristically shaped ST segment in the right precordial leads (6).
TABLE 3 4 diagnoses and what you'll see on EKG Diagnosis EKG finding Prolonged QTc interval >.450 sec (men) or QT interval >.470 sec (women) Brugada syndrome Partial or complete RBBB, and ST segment elevation in right precordial leads V1-V3 Wolff-Parkinson- Delta wave, widened QRS, short White syndrome PR interval, ST segment and T-wave changes Hypertrophic No definitive finding; may have cardiomyopathy left ventricular hypertrophy or abnormal Q-waves EKG, electrocardiogram; RBBB, right bundle branch block.
le Coq et al., "Novel Brugada SCN5A mutation leading to ST segment elevation in the inferior or the right precordial leads," Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology, vol.
Electrocardiogram obtained in emergency department during the chest pain revealed ST segment elevations and inverted T waves in precordial leads. He was taking oral anticoagulation therapy and his INR was 2.8 at hospital admission.
The ECG shows ST segment elevation in the precordial leads V1 to V3, with morphology of the QRS complex resembling a right bundle branch block.
A resting electrocardiogram (ECG) revealed sinus tachycardia with a rate of 126 beats/min, normal QRS axis, widespread ST-segment depression in the limb and precordial leads, with ST-segment elevation in the augmented unipolar limb lead (right arm) 0 aVR.
Case-reports have demonstrated a strong association between biphasic inversions of T-waves in precordial leads on electrocardiogram (ECG) with severe stenosis in the proximal part of the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery in patients with ischaemic heart diseases (IHD).
Repolarisation abnormalities Major Minor * Inverted T waves in right * Inverted T waves in leads V1 precordial leads (V1, V2, and V3) or and V2 in individuals>14 years beyond in individuals >14 years of of age (in the absence of age (in the absence of complete RBBB complete RBBB) or in V4, V5, or QRS [greater than or equal to]120 V6 MS) * Inverted T waves in leads V1, V2, V3 and V4 in individuals >14 years of age in the presence of complete RBBB IV.
A 12-lead electrocardiogram showed ST-segment elevation in the precordial leads and reciprocal inferior ST-segment depression compatible with an anterolateral acute myocardial infarction.