culture

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Related to positive culture: Organizational culture

culture

The norms and shared attitudes that pervade an ORGANIZATION. It may be expressed in symbols, rituals and the language used by organization members. It thus constitutes the distinctive characteristics of an organization. In recent years managerial interest in organizational culture has grown enormously It is believed that the culture will influence how individuals behave at work and hence will affect both individual and organizational performances.

A number of types of culture have been identified in this respect:

  1. power culture, characterized by an emphasis on personal charisma, risk-taking and a low level of respect for procedures. This might be found in a small entrepreneurial organization, where power tends to be concentrated in the entrepreneur;
  2. rôle culture, characterized by well-defined procedures and job roles, and an emphasis on conformity. This might be found in an established BUREAUCRACY for example government administration;
  3. task culture, characterized by an emphasis on problem-solving by expert teams. Groups are formed to deal with particular problems. Once the task is completed the group may be disbanded. Here the culture is one which attaches importance to expertise, though in fact expertise may be less developed in organizations of this sort than in role culture organizations, where job roles are more specialized. Task culture places a much greater emphasis on flexibility and creativity than does role culture;
  4. person-oriented culture, characterized by an emphasis on meeting the needs of individuals in the organization. This is often found in small, ‘alternative’ organizations. It may also characterize small organizations composed mainly of PROFESSIONALS, such as small consultancy companies, where it is deemed important that individuals be given some freedom to shape their jobs so that they can pursue particular professional or other ‘acceptable’ outside interests (for example, being a local councillor).

A concern of many managers in recent years has been that the prevailing culture of their organization is inappropriate, or even obstructive, to a desired change in objectives. For instance, a role culture, where jobs are specialized and well-defined, could obstruct creativity and hence prevent an organization from becoming more entrepreneurial. As a result much attention recently has been devoted to changing cultures. It is doubtful, however, whether managers can actually achieve dramatic cultural change in the short term. Culture is influenced by a complex of factors, such as the character and background of the workforce, many of which are to some extent independent of managerial action. See MANAGEMENT STYLE. MECHANISTIC AND ORGANISMIC, EXCELLENCE CULTURE.

Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson
References in periodicals archive ?
There was a greater number of positive cultures in the midstream clean catch group; however, there was also a greater proportion of patients with a positive culture in the straight catheterization group who were prescribed antibiotics when compared to the midstream catch group antibiotics.
(iii) Linear C[O.sub.2] plot in all four false- positive cultures. AMDS: automated microbial detection system; AML: acute myeloid leukemia; WBC: white blood cells.
ISLAMABAD -- Renowned folk singer Arieb Azhar introduced a new platform 'Art Langar' in Islamabad, aiming to establish a sustainable model for the generation and promotion of positive culture of the country.
Innes said: "Danny has a very impressive record and a substantial skill set which is what we need to develop a stronger footballing structure and positive culture within the club.
The negative predictive value for any positive culture in the adult population included in the study was 95.5% and, the negative predictive value for positive cultures containing growth of 100 000 CFUs or more was 99.3%.
27 (BNA): Southern Governor His Highness Shaikh Khalifa bin Ali bin Khalifa Al-Khalifa stressed the influential role of the media in developing communication, building bridges and instilling positive culture among individuals and societies.
Addressing on the occasion, he said that sports galas always promoted the positive culture among people, adding that competitions among journalist community would be beneficial in bringing them at one platform.
Establishing open reporting of incidents, near misses and concerns, coupled with the concept of 'fair blame', is crucial to achieving a positive culture. The challenge is how to have a positive influence on an organisation's health and safety culture.
Results: Out of the 945 drug samples, 26 (2.8%, 95% confidence interval=1.8%-4.0%) gave a positive culture. Of the 317 propofol samples, 20 (6.3%) were found to have bacterial contamination, 11 in the pre-use group and 9 in the post-use group.
The amount of time that passed since the patient was culture positive was significantly associated with a low er risk of a positive culture at screening.
There are quite a handful who will prefer to stay in your company compared to getting another higher-paying job if your company provides continued learning opportunities with a positive culture. As leader, sending your Millennial employee to seminars and conferences will go along way but also providing them challenges will make them grow and appreciate you more.