population

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population

1. the total number of people resident in a country at a particular point in time. The UK, for example, had a population of 59 million people in 2004. The size of the population is determined by past and present birth and death rates, together with net migration trends – the number of people leaving the country to live abroad (emigration) compared with the number entering the country to take up residence (immigration). The UK birth rate is currently 11 births per 1000 of the population per annum and the death rate 10 per 1000 of the population per annum. In most advanced countries, both birth and death rates have declined over the long run because of rising living standards and improved medical care; this has produced slow-growing, ageing populations.

The total size of the population and its composition in terms of proportion of males to females and age-group distributions, combined with various SOCIOECONOMIC factors influencing buying characteristics, are important to businesses in assessing the market potential for their products.

2. all possible observations of a certain phenomenon in statistical analysis, for example incomes of all people resident in a country. Where it is too time-consuming and expensive to record all possible observations it is necessary to take a SAMPLE, for example the incomes of 1000 citizens, and generalize about the incomes of all citizens from this sample. See STATISTICAL INFERENCE.
Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson
Fig. 144 Population. The UK birth and death rates, measured in numbers per 1,000 of the population, from 1740 to 2004.

population

the total number of people resident in a country. The size of the population is determined by past and present BIRTH RATES and DEATH RATES as well as MIGRATION trends. In most advanced industrial countries, both birth and death rates have declined over the long run (see DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION), which has produced slow-growing populations. The size and growth of a country's population determine the size of the LABOUR FORCE that is available to produce output, a country's GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT divided by its population providing a measure of the country's general prosperity (see INCOME PER HEAD). In 2004 the UK's population was 59 million (see Fig. 144 ). By comparison, the population of Germany was 82 million, the USA 288 million, Japan 127 million, India 1,048 million and China 1,281 million.
Collins Dictionary of Economics, 4th ed. © C. Pass, B. Lowes, L. Davies 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Like racial segregation, poverty isolation (main effect in Models 3 and 4) and the population proportion of residents below the FPL (Model 2) had a negative relationship with Getting Care Quickly, while poverty dissimilarity had a positive relationship (Model 1).
S., Rajesh, T., and Sarjinder, S., On the estimation of population proportion, Applied Mathematical Sciences, 3 (35), 1739-1744, (2009).
[W.sub.S,Y] = [UI Population Proportion.sub.S,Y] / [BAM Sample Proportion.sub.SY]
The estimates can be used to compute the posterior expected population proportion per category in each group.
Mean proportion and population proportion: two answers to the same question?
In addition, we are fairly confident that the true population proportion lies between 92 % and 100 %.
Keeping the anticipated population proportion of 15% and 95% Confidence level with absolute precision of 10 percentage points a total sample size of 49 public sector EPI clinics was calculated.7 Anticipated population proportion is the process of detecting a likely value for population parameter so that sample is representative of the population studied with the participants selected at random.
Stratified samples ensure that the sample proportion for the stratifying characteristic is identical to the population proportion, reducing sampling error and improving the accuracy of inferences.
Referring to new Israeli settlements, Osama said the whole world knew that Israel wanted to bring Jews there and settle them, so that, they could change population proportion to show to the world that Al-Quds was originally a Jews majority area.

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