# population

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## population

1. the total number of people resident in a country at a particular point in time. The UK, for example, had a population of 59 million people in 2004. The size of the population is determined by past and present birth and death rates, together with net migration trends – the number of people leaving the country to live abroad (emigration) compared with the number entering the country to take up residence (immigration). The UK birth rate is currently 11 births per 1000 of the population per annum and the death rate 10 per 1000 of the population per annum. In most advanced countries, both birth and death rates have declined over the long run because of rising living standards and improved medical care; this has produced slow-growing, ageing populations.

The total size of the population and its composition in terms of proportion of males to females and age-group distributions, combined with various SOCIOECONOMIC factors influencing buying characteristics, are important to businesses in assessing the market potential for their products.

2. all possible observations of a certain phenomenon in statistical analysis, for example incomes of all people resident in a country. Where it is too time-consuming and expensive to record all possible observations it is necessary to take a SAMPLE, for example the incomes of 1000 citizens, and generalize about the incomes of all citizens from this sample. See STATISTICAL INFERENCE.
Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson
Fig. 144 Population. The UK birth and death rates, measured in numbers per 1,000 of the population, from 1740 to 2004.

## population

the total number of people resident in a country. The size of the population is determined by past and present BIRTH RATES and DEATH RATES as well as MIGRATION trends. In most advanced industrial countries, both birth and death rates have declined over the long run (see DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION), which has produced slow-growing populations. The size and growth of a country's population determine the size of the LABOUR FORCE that is available to produce output, a country's GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT divided by its population providing a measure of the country's general prosperity (see INCOME PER HEAD). In 2004 the UK's population was 59 million (see Fig. 144 ). By comparison, the population of Germany was 82 million, the USA 288 million, Japan 127 million, India 1,048 million and China 1,281 million.
Collins Dictionary of Economics, 4th ed. © C. Pass, B. Lowes, L. Davies 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Irradiance setup LMPPs Module Module number 1 number 2 Pattern number 1 1 1000 1000 Pattern number 2 2 1000 1000 Pattern number 3 2 1000 1000 Pattern number 4 3 1000 200 Pattern number 5 3 1000 750 Pattern number 6 3 1000 1000 Pattern number 7 4 1000 300 Pattern number 8 4 1000 700 Pattern number 9 4 1000 750 Pattern number 10 4 1000 600 Irradiance setup Module Module number 3 number 4 Pattern number 1 1000 1000 Pattern number 2 1000 500 Pattern number 3 500 500 Pattern number 4 200 100 Pattern number 5 750 500 Pattern number 6 750 600 Pattern number 7 200 100 Pattern number 8 400 100 Pattern number 9 500 250 Pattern number 10 500 400 Table 3: Simulation results of GA with different population numbers under uniform irradiance.
Each year, the hunting clubs leasing hunting districts report the population numbers for each game species, between the end of February and the beginning of March.
But Reg Thorpe, head of conservation management at RSPB Cymru, said coastal populations of the herring gull are under threat and called for research into population numbers and behaviour.
Not returning a census form could also affect state grants and funding that are based on certified population numbers.
Now, Shenzhen's population numbers well into the millions and its economic output is among the highest in the country.
The PAP president further pointed out that "at no point has serious attention been devoted to studying Pakistan's large population numbers, their distribution and the implications they hold for the country's development, politics and ultimate stability".
ISLAMABAD -- Pakistan's growing population also poses a serious threat to food insecurity while no serious attention has ever been devoted to studying Pakistan's large population numbers, their distribution, and the implications they hold for the country's development, politics, and ultimate stability
19 ( ANI ): Filmmaker and naturalist Sir David Attenborough has claimed that human beings need to control their population numbers, while disapproving the practice of 'sending bags of flour' to famine-struck areas.
The cull was due to begin last autumn but was postponed while research continued into the population numbers in both areas.
A number of factors beyond simple population numbers determine the endangerment status of breeds: Breed club or association activity, annual registrations, or imminent threat to a population can affect their status on the list.
With population numbers set to rise in the region, the comprehensive and integrated public transport plan has been developed with a special focus on boosting the standing of Dubai as a safe and sustainable living place.
The parliamentary boundaries should be altered to coincide with the geographical boundaries - but the South Wales counties having the greatest population numbers should be subdivided as far as the parliamentary areas are concerned to give a total number of MPs of 25 members.

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