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population

1. the total number of people resident in a country at a particular point in time. The UK, for example, had a population of 59 million people in 2004. The size of the population is determined by past and present birth and death rates, together with net migration trends – the number of people leaving the country to live abroad (emigration) compared with the number entering the country to take up residence (immigration). The UK birth rate is currently 11 births per 1000 of the population per annum and the death rate 10 per 1000 of the population per annum. In most advanced countries, both birth and death rates have declined over the long run because of rising living standards and improved medical care; this has produced slow-growing, ageing populations.

The total size of the population and its composition in terms of proportion of males to females and age-group distributions, combined with various SOCIOECONOMIC factors influencing buying characteristics, are important to businesses in assessing the market potential for their products.

2. all possible observations of a certain phenomenon in statistical analysis, for example incomes of all people resident in a country. Where it is too time-consuming and expensive to record all possible observations it is necessary to take a SAMPLE, for example the incomes of 1000 citizens, and generalize about the incomes of all citizens from this sample. See STATISTICAL INFERENCE.
Fig. 144 Population. The UK birth and death rates, measured in numbers per 1,000 of the population, from 1740 to 2004.

population

the total number of people resident in a country. The size of the population is determined by past and present BIRTH RATES and DEATH RATES as well as MIGRATION trends. In most advanced industrial countries, both birth and death rates have declined over the long run (see DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION), which has produced slow-growing populations. The size and growth of a country's population determine the size of the LABOUR FORCE that is available to produce output, a country's GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT divided by its population providing a measure of the country's general prosperity (see INCOME PER HEAD). In 2004 the UK's population was 59 million (see Fig. 144 ). By comparison, the population of Germany was 82 million, the USA 288 million, Japan 127 million, India 1,048 million and China 1,281 million.
References in periodicals archive ?
Let us translate the future populations at risk estimated by the FTA for hunger, coastal flooding, and malaria into mortality projections, assuming that the mortality from each risk factor scales linearly with population at risk between 1990-2085, and there was no change in mortality for these threats between 1990-2001.
We expect the national EPHT network will provide information to estimate the magnitude of a health effect in the population at risk, to detect epidemics or clusters, to document the distribution and spread of a health effect, to evaluate interventions, and to facilitate planning (Teutsch 2000).
Actions to alleviate DENV are tailored to each region, with the size of the country, variable geographic characteristics, funding, and size of the population at risk taken into account.
They feared creosote- covered sleepers used in the pyre would release cancer-causing dioxins, putting the market town's 7,000 population at risk.
But we certainly have enough data to say that, in general, the lack of genetic divesity puts a population at risk.
The parties will also jointly work towards designing and implementing disease management programs for the population at risk to effectively support prevent Cardio Vascular Diseases.
He explains that these disease-bearing insects will put a much larger percentage of the world's population at risk for mosquito-borne disease, especially many of the substantial human populations in developing countries that live on high plateaus, areas currently not at high risk.
Surveillance was implemented with the objectives of improving case finding, describing the spectrum of clinical signs and symptoms of possible anthrax illness, characterizing the population at risk, and determining the magnitude of the outbreak.

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