poverty

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poverty

a situation where a person's income is too low to enable him or her to buy the amount of food, clothing and shelter that are deemed necessary to meet his or her basic needs, that is, some ‘subsistence’ standard of living. Countries have different definitions of what minimum income constitutes poverty and often measure poverty levels as a proportion of average income. High proportions of the populations of DEVELOPING COUNTRIES experience poverty. Governments attempt to combat poverty by encouraging faster ECONOMIC GROWTH and by the redistribution of income. See REDISTRIBUTION-OFINCOME PRINCIPLE OF TAXATION, ABILITY-TO-PAY PRINCIPLE OF TAXATION, PROGRESSIVE TAXATION, SOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITS.
References in periodicals archive ?
The loss function is used as an index indicating the 'poorness' of the neural network's performance.
Besides, for many patients, the lack or poorness of ovarian reaction to the stimulating agents is already known, due to previous attempts of ovarian stimulation combined with natural intercourse, artificial inseminations or IVF attempts (1).
More incidences in mixed breeds might be due higher population of this breed making their close proximity to spread the infection and poorness or absence of vaccination schedule being followed by the owners of mixed breed presumably due to lack of awareness among them.
In KP, poorness, helplessness and unemployment have gripped the minds of people, they added.
Moreover, they did not even distinguished him on the basis of his colour , poorness or richness, they indiscriminately spread and distributed light and love.
As other multicriteria methods, the PROMETHEE requires additional information to overcome the poorness of dominance relation on Preference (P) and Indifference (I), thus enriching the dominance graph [18].
(iii) Poorness of variable analysis (e.g., the lack of correction for confounding factors due to the unavailability of data as seasonality, physical activity, sun exposure, sunscreen, and phototype)
The experts may impose their opinion in three components which is the degree of goodness, the degree of indeterminacy and that of poorness to explain the characteristics of the objects.
It is great for self-protection.' After I had asked him during one of our strolls why he thought it necessary to take care of oneself before taking care of other people, although Luo are known not only as peaceful but also as caring, he merely shook his head and cited a proverb: 'Dhier ma ka owadu ok moni nindo' ('The poorness in your brother's house does not hinder you to sleep').
However there are those who are unable to afford either, for whom the choice may be between an unbranded or locally branded soap lacking much advertising support, or other less expensive means of hygiene, or to make no purchase at all, a result of what a 1936 report referred to as "the incredible poorness, from the European point of view, of the Indian consumer." (2) Choradia's remark suggests that though incomes have risen steeply since then, advertised goods are still only one option rather than the norm.
Though such provender surely nourishes a sense of national selfhood, for this younger generation of Israeli artists--particularly those born to survivors of an irremediable wound--a reverential sense of belonging could also be coded within the "actual poorness" of the modest, at-hand studio materials Tevet employed.