point-and-figure chart

Point and Figure Chart

In technical analysis, a chart that records only changes in price to a security or derivative. A point-and-figure chart does not account for time. Price is charted along the y-axis, but nothing is measured on the x-axis. The chart is designed as a series of columns of X and O, with X representing a rising price and O representing a fall. A change in price must exceed a certain amount before it is charted, which is designed to filter out noise. As a result, a point-and-figure chart may change several times in a trading day, or not at all.
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point-and-figure chart

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point-and-figure
In technical analysis, a chart pattern, peculiar to securities, in which only the significant value changes of a security, a futures contract, or a market average are recorded. The vertical axis represents price, but, unlike nearly all other charts, no variable, including time, is plotted on the horizontal axis. Entries on a point-and-figure chart are made only when a variable changes by a predetermined amount, for example, by one point or two points. A period of days may pass before an entry is recorded. Compare bar chart, line chart.
Wall Street Words: An A to Z Guide to Investment Terms for Today's Investor by David L. Scott. Copyright © 2003 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
They include the basic principle of the trend, the history of technical analysis and its controversies, and move to markets and market indicators (Dow theory, sentiment, measuring market strength, temporal patterns and cycles, flow of funds) trend analysis (chart construction, breakouts, stops, retracements, moving averages) chart pattern analysis (patterns in bar charts, point-and-figure charts, short term patterns), trend confirmation, other technical methods and rules (cycles, the Elliot wave theory, the Fibonacci sequence), selection, and system testing and management, Each chapter includes review questions and summaries and appendices include material on basic statistics, types of orders and trader terminology.