pluralism

(redirected from pluralistically)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.

pluralism

a diffusion of power and interests in a society or ORGANIZATION, such that there is a plurality of interest groups. Those who subscribe to pluralism argue that there will inevitably be differences between individuals or groups in any complex social institution over, for instance, the distribution of rewards.

Pluralists claim that it is better to accept these differences than to suppress them, because once they are brought into the open it is possible to find mechanisms for resolving potential conflict to the benefit of all. In INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS the pluralist frame of reference is held by those who believe that the interests of management and workers will inevitably differ on occasions, for example over the size of an annual pay increase. They argue that it is better to accept that TRADE UNIONS are the legitimate expressions of employee interests rather than to refuse recognition on the grounds that employer-employee interests are identical. If the latter policy is adopted CONFLICT may break out without warning and with no acceptable means of resolving it. If, on the other hand, unions are recognized then management and unions can work together to devise procedures (for example GRIEVANCE PROCEDURES) that will prevent differences of interest from developing into open conflict and provide a means of resolving conflict if it should occur. See MANAGEMENT STYLE.

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Where formal and customary law coexist pluralistically, custom has proved the more flexible of the two and may be invoked to unite customary and formal land holding.
In my reading, the alleged ambiguity of the Dalai Lama's virtue ethics is in fact characteristically Buddhist in that it pluralistically addresses a variety of agents in diverse contexts, at different stages of moral development and with distinct levels of commitment.
My discussion in Part II sets the stage for my exploration in Part III of how, in contrast to mainstream American gay and lesbian advocates, a number of religious folk have acted in a more queer-friendly manner by arguing for different understandings and implementations of human dignity (and its conceptual cognates, e.g., minority rights, toleration, etc.), namely ones that are jurisgenerative and pluralistically oriented.
Rather than being manipulated by religious and theological thinking, literature here turns the tables by showing theology how to think creatively and pluralistically.
Since 2000 he is (pluralistically) the director of Center of retraining and in-plant training of teachers of technical higher educational establishments of the III-IV levels of accreditation by system of International society of engineering pedagogics.
That which is pluralistically defined or determined by the individual journalists themselves.
Imminent naturalists' recognition of their own faith will allow them to form coalitions with pluralistically inclined believers.
A third critical systems tradition deals with the methodological limitations and inevitable problems of selectivity in thinking holistically and interconnectedly, and being pluralistically multiverse.
In politics, especially, which is often a discourse of confrontation and battle, how likely is dissociation of concepts to be used pluralistically, versus agonistically?
Clearly, the study of international relations cannot fully follow Dada, which had "no programme, it was against all programmes." (88) It can, however, avoid unnecessary constraints that prejudge, marginalize, bias, and prioritize, reproducing approaches to the discipline that do not reflect the legitimacy and consensus derived from people and everyday lives, which any organization or institution should democratically and pluralistically reflect and guarantee.
Rather than viewing intelligence as a monolithic entity, Gardner (1999) argued that intelligence is best viewed pluralistically (e.g., visual/spatial, musical, verbal, logical/mathematical, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and bodily/kinesthetic).
In this view, an absolute center does not exist, but only a pluralism of relative centers distributed throughout a kind of "mega-verse." However, the reason for the formation of these separate kosmoi remains a lacuna, since the atomist theory of motion in the "vortex" does not seem to provide any internal regulatory reason why the universe would be constructed pluralistically; and one may pose the question that if each center is relative, what is it relative to if not to one absolute center?