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Fig. 58 Matrix. The matrix structure.

matrix

an ORGANIZATION structure in which individuals report to managers in more than one DEPARTMENT or function. The simple CHAIN OF COMMAND found in the classic BUREAUCRACY is replaced by (potentially) a multiplicity of reporting relationships. This type of structure may characterize part of the organization – for project team management for instance, where a project manager assumes authority over team members drawn from a number of departments – or it may extend to the entire organization. See Fig. 58.

There is no standard form of matrix. Managers may have equal formal authority over subordinates or alternatively one of these may have primary authority with the others, assuming authority on particular issues, as in the dotted-line relationship (see ORGANIZATION CHART). The benefits of matrix organization are said to be that it facilitates interdepartmental coordination during innovation, and, by weakening departmental boundaries, encourages greater flexibility and creativity. However, many organizations that have assumed this form have found that the absence of clarity in lines of authority and responsibility can lead to inertia and conflict. See FUNCTIONAL STRUCTURE, PRODUCT-BASED STRUCTURE, CRITICAL FUNCTION STRUCTURE, CONCURRENT ENGINEERING.

Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson
References in periodicals archive ?
When they occurred from flexural forces, these cracks could cause stress concentration and reduce the efficiency of stress transfer from WSF to a plastic matrix, leading to strength decrease (Assarar et al.
These benefits come at a cost, however: Extruding wood fiber in a plastic matrix is technically demanding.
Such flakes when suitably aligned in a plastic matrix may impart a relatively high degree of reinforcement in terms of strength and stiffness [1].
In addition to his high-starch research, Michigan Biotecholgy Institute's Narayan also is developing a chemical catalyst that is encapsulated within a biodegradable plastic matrix.
Any amount lower than 70% is characterized as weak in the plastic matrix, and it will make it vulnerable to biological attack.
Adhesive failure prevailed in LDPE and LLDPE composites while PP showed predominately cohesive failures in the wood dowel or in the plastic matrix.
At the outlet of the second extruder, a diffusion-enhancing device containing a static mixer was placed to assist in dissolution of the gas generated from the CBA into the plastic matrix. It was further connected to a heat exchanger, which uniformly cooled the polymer/wood-flour composites by using an oil-bath based temperature controller.
Binding agents and other additives that are always found in the inks, for example, are a problem as they melt at the processing temperatures of the plastic matrix and break down in parts.