personality inventory

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.
Related to personality inventory: MMPI

personality inventory

a profile of an individual's personality traits. Such profiles are usually constructed by asking subjects a series of questions about their behaviour in various situations and about their character. From these responses a profile or inventory of characteristics in key personality areas can be constructed. For example, a profile of an individual's degree of confidence, thought-fulness, consideration for others etc. can be built up. In theory, there are no right or wrong answers to the questions asked but this is not always the case in practice. Inventories of this sort have been popular of late in RECRUITMENT AND SELECTION, especially of managerial employees. This reflects an emphasis on the importance of leadership qualities and an implicit belief that they are in part innate and not acquired. However, inventories of this sort can be flawed in a number of ways, hence their use as predictors of future performance is questionable:
  1. subjects can often discern the answers desired by the selectors;
  2. the presence of certain personality characteristics implied by certain answers may be dubious; for instance, ‘lack of confidence’ cannot be straightforwardly derived from a response such as ‘I have not felt able to say anything at recent seminars’; it may have reflected an awareness that one's knowledge of the seminar topic was decidedly limited;
  3. the qualities seen as desirable by selectors (for example confidence) may not in fact be beneficial in actual work situations.

Despite these flaws the apparent insight the profile gives into the personality and characteristics of job applicants will ensure its continued popularity. See PSYCHOLOGICAL TEST.

Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson
References in periodicals archive ?
Eysenck Personality Inventory (EPI): This instrument allows for assessment and measurement of such dimensions of personality as neuroticism-stability, extraversion-introversion, psychoticism and lie in the context of Eysenck's personality theory.
A principal-components analysis of the Narcissistic Personality Inventory and further evidence of its construct validity.
De todos ellos, el Handbook of Psychopathy (Hare & Neumann, 2006; Lilienfeld & Fowler, 2006) recoge como los mas relevantes la PCLR, la Levenson's Primary and Secondary Psychopathy Scales (LPSP) (Levenson, Khiel, & Fitzpatrick, 1995), la Self-Report Psychopathy Scale (SRP) (Hare, 1985), y el Psychopathic Personality Inventory (PPI) (Lilienfeld & Andrews, 1996).
The NEO-PI-3: A more readable Revised NEO Personality Inventory. Journal of Personality Assessment, 84, 261-270
What does the Narcissistic Personality Inventory really measure?
NEO-FFI: psychometric properties of a short personality inventory in Portuguese context.
The purpose of Study 1 is to develop an Integrative Islamic Personality Inventory and to evaluate its factor structure and reliability.
The NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R) which was first developed by Costa and Mc Crae in 1992 describes the five basic personality domains using a 240 item questionnaire, each of these five personality domains, is further described using six specific facets.
Results showed that people's answer to this question lined up very closely with several other validated measures of narcissism, including the widely used Narcissistic Personality Inventory. The difference is that this new survey--which the researchers call the Single Item Narcissism Scale (SINS)--has one question, while the NPI has 40 questions to answer.
At the start of the semester during classes a personality inventory was administered to the students.

Full browser ?