When children are involved and the mother is the perpetrator
, parental relationships are often strained with the husband or father being largely absent and inattentive.
However, as Moran notes, 'Domestic violence perpetrator
programmes remain a controversial and often contested form of intervention as far as responses to men's violence against women is concerned.' (Morran, 2011: 23).
However, it is too terrifying and painful for the collaborator/traitor to be conscious of any of these feelings, so they will usually exhibit an eighth attribute if challenged: self-righteous justification for their collaboration/betrayal often expressed in either ideological/religious terms or as sympathy for the perpetrator
A RESTORATIVE justice pilot, where victims of crime will meet the perpetrators
, has been launched.
Even though the taxpayers in this case had no direct contact with the perpetrator
, it was sufficient that they specifically requested that their money be placed in funds controlled by the perpetrator
Other situational factors, such as how well the perpetrator
knows the victim, the isolation of the setting, the amount of alcohol consumed, prior consensual sexual activities, and misperceptions about sexual interest may also contribute to a greater likelihood of sexual assault (Abbey et al.
The authors noted that unlike pseudo-cyesis, a delusional belief that one is pregnant, "the majority of the perpetrators
made planned and willful attempts to feign pregnancy" with the idea of claiming that the abducted fetus was actually their natural-born child.
Intrapersonal forgiveness is an independent process (Walton, 2005) and may occur for either the victim or the perpetrator
. For example, a perpetrator
may feel guilty after causing injury, but making a conciliatory gesture is not always possible.
Using the same scenario, the students were asked to take the perpetrator
or victim's perspective and regardless of gender, those who took the perspective of the perpetrator
tended to victim-blame the female.
Andre Bavugamenshi, one of the perpetrators
said his heart was relived expressing the apology.