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1. The total return on an investment over a period of time.

2. A subjective measure of how an investment or the market generally is doing over a period of time.

3. In contracts, substantial completion of an agreed-upon task. That is, a party to a contract performs the contract when he has more-or-less completed what he has agreed to do, with no or only minor work left to do.


Performance, expressed as a percentage, measures the total return an investment provides over a specific period. It can be positive, representing a gain in value, or negative, representing a loss.

While return is reported on a second-to-second and day-to-day basis, short-term results are less significant an indicator of strength or weakness than performance over longer periods, such as one, five, or ten years.

Past performance is one of the factors you can use to evaluate a specific investment, but there's no guarantee that those results will be repeated in the future. What past performance can tell you is the way the investment has previously reacted to fluctuations in the markets, and, in the case of managed funds, something about the skills of the manager.

An investment is said to outperform when its return is stronger than the return of its benchmark or peers over the same period. Conversely, it is said to underperform if its results lag those of its benchmark or peer.


In contracts, the substantial completion of all duties and responsibilities. Note: The exact meaning of the word “substantial” is the cause of much litigation in contract law.
References in periodicals archive ?
This factor assumes particular significance when comparison of the importance of functions performed at various places yields no definitive answer to the principal place of business inquiry.
There is reasonable risk of harm to the patient if the test is performed incorrectly and for some tests the risk is substantial.
The interpretation clarifies that the work performed must not include involvement in authorizing, executing or consummating transactions or performing activities that are part of the company's ongoing compliance or control system.
As a collaborative artist, Matthew has performed with various ensembles and singers, including the Bel Canto Company based in Greensboro, North Carolina, and winners of The Metropolitan Opera National Council Auditions.
Irritation from an activity may not develop until the day after the activity is performed.
choreographed by Michael Minery, and performed by Minery, Parris Mann, Charon Aldredge, and Maria Bostwick, struck the best balance between the two companies.
connection to the audit is able to ascertain that the procedures performed support
Any one of these exercises performed properly is more effective and safer than the clean.
There are also those who, every time a Balanchine work is performed by NYCB or others, sigh, "Ah, but you should have seen it when Patty or Suzanne performed it.