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An insurance policy often required on government construction projects.If the contractor does not perform the work it contracted to do, the insurance company will either hire someone else to complete the job or will pay off the resulting damages, up to policy limits. Sometimes it is inaccurately called a performance and completion bond. Technically, liability under a performance bond is contingent on the contracting party paying according to the terms of its construction contract.Contrast with completion bond,where the contracting party does not have to pay anything to the insurance company,even though it might have been obligated to pay the contractor. As a result, most bonds are performance bonds and it is very difficult to obtain a completion bond.