poverty

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Related to penury: indigence, sublime

poverty

a situation where a person's income is too low to enable him or her to buy the amount of food, clothing and shelter that are deemed necessary to meet his or her basic needs, that is, some ‘subsistence’ standard of living. Countries have different definitions of what minimum income constitutes poverty and often measure poverty levels as a proportion of average income. High proportions of the populations of DEVELOPING COUNTRIES experience poverty. Governments attempt to combat poverty by encouraging faster ECONOMIC GROWTH and by the redistribution of income. See REDISTRIBUTION-OFINCOME PRINCIPLE OF TAXATION, ABILITY-TO-PAY PRINCIPLE OF TAXATION, PROGRESSIVE TAXATION, SOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITS.
References in classic literature ?
chill penury repressed his noble rage, and froze the genial current of the soul.
slightly misquoted from Shakespeare, "King Henry IV, Part I," Act I, Scene 3, line 202; chill penury.
His mother explained to him her liberal designs, in case of his marrying Miss Morton; told him she would settle on him the Norfolk estate, which, clear of land-tax, brings in a good thousand a-year; offered even, when matters grew desperate, to make it twelve hundred; and in opposition to this, if he still persisted in this low connection, represented to him the certain penury that must attend the match.
Fyne did not know what it might mean to be suddenly reduced from riches to absolute penury.
ISLAMABAD -- The Supreme Court on Tuesday raised minimum pension of banks' employees to Rs8,000 per month with an observation that subjecting a pensioner to a life of penury and impoverishment was a clear violation of his fundamental rights to life and dignity.
He pointed out that the project was a genuine effort to assist the Palestinian people, many of whom are mired in sheer penury as a result of a rigid Israeli blockade of the Gaza strip.
They said this was an indication that many of these actors and actresses who people see as 'high up there' are actually living in penury, wondering what could make a 'high-class' actress to be going about in Keke NAPEP.
Spinster sisters Candida and Paula Marasigan argue with their materialistic siblings whether to sell their ailing father's painting, in order to save themselves from penury and humiliation.
He wants you to know he's the victim in all this - not the 11,000 BHS workers who have lost their jobs and not the 22,000 whose pensions will leave them in penury.
Perhaps we are all about to maunder in darkness, penury and despair, a little island marooned somewhere off the rest of the world, airbrushed off all the maps.
Oh, and of course the UK economy will collapse and we'll be reduced to penury if we leave, er, according to George Osborne.
We have been reduced to something near penury by years of an incompetent Labour government in Cardiff, and an ideologically blinkered Tory administration in London.