peace dividend(redirected from peace dividends)
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A byword for the benefits for a government's budget (and presumably for the economy as a whole) resulting from a reduction in military spending following the end of a war or conflict. The peace dividend frees up money to spend on other things, which may have a significantly positive effect in the long term. However, it may cause job losses in some areas that are economically dependent on the military. The term was used frequently in the United States and Britain after the Cold War to justify military budget cuts.