After hearing both parties who submitted position papers, the Labor Arbiter assigned to the case rendered a decision in favor of Annie ordering AMCI to pay her salary differential, emergency living allowance, 13th month pay differential
, and separation pay for every year of service all totaling to P55,161.42.
There are limited exceptions including if the pay differential
is due to a seniority or merit-based system or where the employer can demonstrate each of the following:
According to Provincial Bus Operators Association (PBOA) Executive Director Alex Yague, drivers should be paid more than conductors because of their greater responsibilities, noting that the pay differential
was about 2 to 3 percent.
The selection is complicated by the fact that Santiago was one of the few high-ranking Hispanics in the mayor's cabinet and that a wave of retirements -- tied in part to a pay differential
-- soon may leave the Chicago Fire Department without a single deputy commissioner.
We estimate the changing value of workplace pensions in the UK and incorporate their value into an estimate of the public sector pay differential
. Falling pension membership in the private sector and growing value of public service pensions led to a significant increase in the estimated public sector pay differential
from 1997 to 2009, even though headline pay grew faster in the private sector.
The appropriations for civilian personnel include the following: Salary differential, step increment due to length of service, 13th-month pay differential
, PhilHealth differential, employees compensation insurance premiums differential, and retirement and life insurance premiums differential.
Still, the legislation has a number of exceptions, allowing for pay disparity if earnings are measured by the "quantity and quality of production." Another exception is if an employer has a "bona fide" reason other than gender for disparate pay, such as education, training or experience, and if the pay differential
is out of "business necessity."
The Act says that employees must be paid the same for "substantially similar" work; that any non-sex related factors used to justify the pay differential
must be reasonably applied and account entirely for the difference; and it prohibits retaliation or discrimination against employees for disclosing, discussing, or inquiring about their own and co-workers' wages.
* The country's largest aged-care provider, BUPA, wants to retain a pay differential
above the new minimum wage of $14.75 an hour, which came into effect on April 1.
But the decline in the pay differential
between skilled and unskilled workers -- what economists call the "skill premium" -- has also played an important role.
Many have attributed the pay differential
to the fact that women don't negotiate as aggressively over their compensation as men do.
Currently none of the higher education institutions in Wales have committed to pay their staff a living wage despite a recent report demonstrating that the pay differential
between the highest and lowest paid members of the workforce is the biggest in the public sector at a ratio of 1:19.