There is a third, but related, reason to reject an intent-based account of the wrongness of paternalism
often applies most pointedly to actions for which it is difficult to ascribe any definite intention.
In a sense, soft paternalism
can infantilize its citizens by preventing such learning, and reduce liberty in the process.
A key feature of the proposed distinction between quasi-paternalism and consistent choice paternalism
is that it provides a way for traditional anti-paternalist concerns to inform decisions about choice architecture.
When someone else makes choices for an individual in this manner, we may speak of paternalism
. Paternalistic intervention is presumably in the interest of the individual (see, e.g., Clarke, 2002; Dworkin, 1972; Le Grand & New, 2015).
However, even putting these concerns aside, this paternalism
poses the same concerns as traditional paternalism
: specifically, a retardation of an individual's capacity to learn from his mistakes.
The shift in white racial paternalism
that Everett's texts imagine may not itself enact real change in the region, but it does create an imaginary landscape within which regional progress is possible.
Is it because using the tax system would make this paternalism
look less soft?
Keown and Goodman consider the ethical aspects of upayakausalya in relation to issues of paternalism
and potential for misapplication by teachers claiming to be bodhisattvas, which raises a need for defence of upaya-kausalya.
(I shall say a good deal about what the word "require" might mean in this setting.) Default rules tend to be "sticky," and can therefore greatly influence ultimate outcomes; for this reason, they might seem to be a form of objectionable paternalism
. For those who reject paternalism
and who prize freedom of choice, active choosing has evident appeal.
This article analyses a particular characteristic of workfare in Australia, namely paternalism
. Contrary to past research (Deacon 1994; White 2000), paternalism
is not a policy rationale, that is, it is not merely the reason for a particular policy.
Vanderburg offers a close analysis of persistent culture of Southern paternalism
, concentrating on the history of Cannon Mills textile company.
His two main arguments against libertarian paternalism
appeal to the epistemic limitations of planners and to the ethical problem of giving governmental authorities the power to use information about people's cognitive biases to manipulate their choices.