The imposed stress may also be associated with the ratio between the MER and the passive range of motion
(ROM) of ER in the throwing shoulder.
Botulinum toxin type A injections are also being increasingly used in our practice (JAIG) at this stage preceding microneurosurgical intervention to prevent contracture and maintain full passive range of motion
by balancing the shoulder.
The passive range of motion
of the right hip joint was slightly improved in flexion, adduction, and internal rotation (100[degrees], 20[degrees], and 20[degrees], resp.).
However, Bennell and associates found that the non-dancers had greater active hip external rotation than the dancers, but passive range of motion
was not measured.
(12) Aggressive postoperative rehabilitation typically includes immediate weightbearing as tolerated with a brace, active and passive range of motion
to restore range of motion, and closed-chain exercises, which are favored over open-chain exercises since they protect the graft through use of the contours of the knee.
All patients participated in a supervised rehabilitation program that consisted of immediate active elbow flexion and extension exercises and active shoulder range of motion exercises and passive range of motion
to the surgically-determined limits of abduction and external rotation.
(15.) Roberts J, Wilson K: Effect of stretching duration on the active and passive range of motion
in the lower extremity.
After 3 days of immobilization in a sling, passive range of motion
exercise of the shoulder was started.
Symptoms may be reproduced during clinical examination with passive range of motion
tests that combine flexion and rotation.
Palpable crepitus with active or passive range of motion
about the glenohumeral joint may indicate a torn labrum, acromioclavicular, or subacromial pathology.
In the presence of such conditions MO may occur even; passive range of motion
exercises is carried out.
The second week after surgery, he was allowed to start a passive range of motion
; on the third month, he started with resisted motion exercises.