# population

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## population

1. the total number of people resident in a country at a particular point in time. The UK, for example, had a population of 59 million people in 2004. The size of the population is determined by past and present birth and death rates, together with net migration trends – the number of people leaving the country to live abroad (emigration) compared with the number entering the country to take up residence (immigration). The UK birth rate is currently 11 births per 1000 of the population per annum and the death rate 10 per 1000 of the population per annum. In most advanced countries, both birth and death rates have declined over the long run because of rising living standards and improved medical care; this has produced slow-growing, ageing populations.

The total size of the population and its composition in terms of proportion of males to females and age-group distributions, combined with various SOCIOECONOMIC factors influencing buying characteristics, are important to businesses in assessing the market potential for their products.

2. all possible observations of a certain phenomenon in statistical analysis, for example incomes of all people resident in a country. Where it is too time-consuming and expensive to record all possible observations it is necessary to take a SAMPLE, for example the incomes of 1000 citizens, and generalize about the incomes of all citizens from this sample. See STATISTICAL INFERENCE.
Fig. 144 Population. The UK birth and death rates, measured in numbers per 1,000 of the population, from 1740 to 2004.

## population

the total number of people resident in a country. The size of the population is determined by past and present BIRTH RATES and DEATH RATES as well as MIGRATION trends. In most advanced industrial countries, both birth and death rates have declined over the long run (see DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION), which has produced slow-growing populations. The size and growth of a country's population determine the size of the LABOUR FORCE that is available to produce output, a country's GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT divided by its population providing a measure of the country's general prosperity (see INCOME PER HEAD). In 2004 the UK's population was 59 million (see Fig. 144 ). By comparison, the population of Germany was 82 million, the USA 288 million, Japan 127 million, India 1,048 million and China 1,281 million.
References in periodicals archive ?
Selection means to select some of the best fit chromosomes from parent population according to some selection criteria (eg.
For evolution strategy, selection is applied on the offspring population to generate the parent population of the next epoch, so selection is implemented after the variation operators.
LGBT parents are more likely to be involved in their children's education than the general parent population.
Looking at the individual card values in the parent population and looking at the sample means obtained from the different samples, which seem to vary more?
I remember being part of the successful campaign 12 years ago to persuade the majority Muslim parent population of Willowbank Primary School in the West End of Glasgow to vote down plans for a separate Muslim school.
The Nicaraguan lobster population is also the parent population for spiny lobster stocks elsewhere in the Caribbean.
And although regional events like the Twin Cities one are incredibly well-attended--a whopping 1,100-plus people attended Rainbow Families' blowout last February, and Rainbow Families Wisconsin has a number of events planned every year--few states have groups that are sufficiently organized to reach a large segment of the gay parent population.
A lot of our parent population has had little or no formal educational training and many learn to read and speak English as their children learn," according to Kay Reynolds, Principal of Richardson Independent School District's Dobie Primary for over thirteen years.
Results showed the parent population to have unusually high socioeconomic status.
To validate whether these supposedly best assortments are indeed good ones, we presented a second sample of 74 shoppers from the same parent population with a set of test assortments.
Independence does not hold when sampling from non-normal, finite populations, and a finite-population version of the central limit theorem holds only asymptotically as sample size, n, and parent population size, N, jointly become infinitely large.
When parents feel that the parent voice in school governance reflects the parent population as a whole, they will more likely be supportive and involved.

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