Similarly, in the study conducted by Nishimura et al.5 with healthy people to evaluate the advantages and limits of PI as a complementary pain assessment
tool for developing better pain evaluation guidelines, they observed that PI decreased with painful electrical stimulation.
Development and preliminary validation of the pain assessment
checklist for seniors with limited ability to communicate (PACSLAC).
BPS can be used for pain assessment
in intubated patients.
Documentation of pain assessment
may also facilitate better pain control (Iyer 2011); unfortunately this was found to be sub-optimal in nursing practice; a finding supported by other research (Eid and Bucknall 2008; Niruban et al 2010).
Pi (range 0–100) is an objective and quantitative EEG pain assessment
indicator developed by Chinese researchers in July 2015.
Non-verbal pain assessment
tools risk underestimating the patient's pain.
Once initial pain assessment
was completed, each patient was evaluated by an anesthesiologist.
Tait, "The revised FLACC observational pain tool: improved reliability and validity for pain assessment
in children with cognitive impairment," Paediatric Anaesthesia, vol.
More resources should be assigned to research to better understand pathogenesis of pain in MPS and develop new specific molecules; however an adequate pain assessment
is the first step to guarantee a good pain management.
As a consequence, pain assessment
methods are still rudimentary .
(2014) in a study including patients in intensive care with varying severity of TBI assessed them by 50 items from existing pain assessment
The committees called for more research into pain assessment
tools and pain prevention and amelioration strategies, including pharmacologic options.