Observations of pain assessments
for nonverbal patients who required pain evaluation were recorded on the PAINAD and the CPOT at the same time.
When a dental procedure is performed under general anaesthesia, postoperative pain assessment
should be performed at the same time when the other vital signs are checked or when there is suspicion of pain.
03) and thus were more likely not to have been available for earlier pain assessments
should be ongoing (occurring at regular intervals), individualized, and documented so that all involved in the patient's care understand the pain problem.
Past research has focused on pain assessment
and treatment issues in different types of dementia (and is mentioned in a review article in this issue ).
Little research exists concerning pain assessment
in children with CP.
Ideally, pain assessments
in the cognitively impaired should be done frequently and routinely to observe changes.
A major priority for nurses caring for children should be appropriate, efficient and effective pain assessment
and management strategies, so the child's physical and emotional outcome is satisfying.
However, the existing scales that identify behaviors provide an important first step in the pain assessment
This study is the first time that analgesics have been assessed using a multi-modal, multi-tissue pain assessment
approach, providing an opportunity to assess the differentiated effect of new and existing drugs on specific tissues and specific pain modalities.
It provides a simple process to educate caregivers, uses specific pain assessment
techniques and tools that are effective with the cognitively impaired, and shows how to apply specific pain management principles in this population.
0), and negatively with physician-patient pain assessment
discordance (odds ratio 0.