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Payment of a financial obligation earlier than is expected or required.
Copyright © 2012, Campbell R. Harvey. All Rights Reserved.


A heavy metal shown to cause learning disabilities, behavioral problems, seizures, and even death in children.The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimates that 3 to 4 million children had elevated lead levels in their blood in 1978. The number has now been reduced to several hundred thousand, but elevated lead levels in blood is still the leading environmentally induced illness in children.

Federal law that went into effect in 1996 requires sellers and landlords of properties built before 1978 (when lead-based paint became illegal) to do the following before any contract or lease becomes final:

1. Provide a copy of the EPA booklet, “Protect Your Family from Lead in Your Home.”
2. Disclose any known information concerning lead-based paint or lead-based paint hazards.
3. Provide any records and reports on lead-based paint and/or lead-based paint hazards.
4. Include an attachment to the contract or lease (or language inserted in the lease itself) that includes a lead warning statement and confirms that the seller or landlord has complied with all notification requirements.
5. Provide home buyers a 10-day period to conduct a paint inspection or risk assessment for lead-based paint or lead-based paint hazards.

The Complete Real Estate Encyclopedia by Denise L. Evans, JD & O. William Evans, JD. Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
SVC thrombosis with or without stenosis from the pacemaker leads was described by Kosowsky and Barr in 1972.1 The incidence of this condition has been reported in the literature range from 1 in 650 patients to 1 in 3100 patients.2
(b-d) Fluoroscopy with last-image hold images showing a guidewire stepwise navigated through the AJVS crossover to the right side and from here through the right innominate vein along the pacemaker leads into the inferior vena cava.
Systemic infection related to endocarditis on pacemaker leads: clinical presentation and management.
Successful treatment by balloon venoplasty and stent insertion of obstruction of the superior vena cava by an endocardial pacemaker lead. Br Heart J 1994; 71: 363-5.
The pacemaker system must be removed in cases of endocarditis caused by infected pacemaker lead. Simple transvenous extraction has to be avioded especially when the tip of the lead carries vegetation.
Pacemaker lead fracture is one of the most common causes of pacemaker malfunction.
The effect of ischemia on pacing thresholds changes depending on the location of ischemia and myocardial contact region of the pacemaker lead. Resting membrane potential increases in case of acute myocardial ischemia (13).
Polyurethanes are used as biomaterials for a variety of applications such as pacemaker lead insulators, catheters, total artificial heart, heart valves.
In July 2003, a 61-year-old man was transferred from a local hospital to our cardiothoracic surgery department with a diagnosis of pacemaker lead infection.
Schoenfeld: Cardiac resynchronization therapy, which is biventricular pacing, entails putting a special pacemaker lead into the coronary sinus that allows for pacing from the left ventricle in concert with the right ventricle.
The disc could be attached to various locations in the heart, most likely the septal wall in the right ventricle, with a screw that resembles the end of pacemaker lead, Stern said.