The system creates Output Areas
that each contain around 125 households and so are about one-third smaller in population size than the average ED in 1991.
Over the past six years, the number of Super Output Areas
in the most deprived categories has fallen.
The stark profile of South Wales' poverty gap is drawn from analysis of so-called "lower super output areas
" - regions assessed to compile the annual Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation, which revealed the nation's poorest communities.
Liverpool has a significantly higher proportion of its small areas - known as Lower Super Output Areas
(LSOAs) - with the highest levels of deprivation, than any other major city in England.
In the government's neighbourhood statistics, of 32,428 super output areas
, half of Norris Green is in the I most deprived 1 %, the rest is in the bottom 5 % and one small area (the "posh end") is in the bottom 10 %.
The index of multiple deprivation (IMD) 2004 is based on geographical outputs known as super output areas
Specific information is presented in two output areas
: (1) early childhood education; and (2) advice to the Minister of Education and the Ministry.
Statisticians carve up all of England and Wales into 34,753 socalled "lower layer super output areas
" to measure factors such as crime and poverty.
And those views are all the more entrenched in light of the latest Wales Index of Multiple Deprivation statistics, published recently by the Welsh Government, putting five of Ely's 10 Lower Layer Super Output Areas
(LSOAs) in the top-10 of the city's most deprived areas.
The Tory research focuses on little-known "middle layer super output areas
" (MSOAs), groups of up to five council wards, to highlight an enormous gulf in educational achievement.
In some areas, wards are divided into super output areas
(SOAs) consisting of 2, 000 to 3, 000 people, which is why some places appear more than once in the table.
The latest figures are broken down to upper super output areas
(USOAs), which contain an average population of 32,000 people.