organizational analysis

organizational analysis

the analysis and comparison of ORGANIZATIONS, especially their structure and the processes of decisionmaking within them. It is thus concerned with JOB DESIGN and the way work is organized (see WORK ORGANIZATION) in an organization. The body of knowledge on this subject is known as organization theory Initially, theories in this area were concerned with developing universal principles of MANAGEMENT and organization structure, such as the optimum number of subordinates a manager should oversee (see CLASSICAL MANAGEMENT THEORY, SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT). Later analysts became aware of the differences between organizations. CONTINGENCY THEORY explores these differences, the reasons for them and the impact on performance (see also MECHANISTIC AND ORGANISMIC ORGANIZATIONS).

In recent years organizational analysis has been much concerned with decisionmaking processes in organizations. Researchers have investigated the types of decision that are taken by top managers and how the decisions are taken (for example by individuals or committee). There is considerable evidence that decisions are often not the outcome of a rational process of investigation and consideration but instead are substantially influenced by political processes within the organization. A further limit on rationality is the difficulty of obtaining sufficient information to make optimal decisions (see SATISFICE). As a result decision-making rarely occurs in the preplanned, rational way suggested in some of the literature on BUSINESS STRATEGY. Instead the parameters of the decision may change during the decision-making process. Much decision-making may be characterized as ‘muddling through’.

References in periodicals archive ?
1991 'Introduction' in The new institutionalism in organizational analysis.
She calls for a new form of organizational analysis, which she terms ergonographies.
Every institution has unique IT needs and a thorough technical assessment and organizational analysis is conducted prior to Nit Health collaborating with its clients in providing a complete IT solution.
Tenders are invited for seeks the services of a consultant or consulting team to provide lean and six sigma concept training, process improvement techniques, organizational analysis and implementation, and change management techniques to various divisions within our state agency.
He examines the thought of such leaders as Latour, Weick and March within the work done by Whitehead as he suggests a method of process-based organizational analysis for academics, practitioners and upper-level students, reviewing the situation and related process views.
Equally significant are the dissentions among authors, and the debates the volume poses for organizational analysis more generally.
He is experienced in the areas of management improvement, information systems, financial modeling, cost-benefit analysis, organizational analysis, and development of accounting and organizational policies and procedures.
The Transaction reprint makes the text available in paperback form for students and scholars of sociology, political science, and organizational analysis.
Foucault's concepts of freedom and resistance are examined to determine how they may feed into theorizing the Kantian 'question of the present' for postmodern organizational analysis.
This issue is especially salient in current North American organizational analysis, in which researchers have placed considerable weight on the cognitive processes of organizational decision makers and underplayed the extent to which their decisions are constrained by the power and coercion of other organizational actors.
Finance Operations - collaborating with clients to create effective and efficient back-office financial capabilities with services ranging from process improvement and organizational analysis and design, to enabling technologies for finance;
Tenders are invited for providing head start/early head start program related services, including but not limited to, training; organizational analysis and support services; museum and cultural arts services; diagnostic and therapeutic services; and continuing education and certification services for the community action and human services department (cahsd).

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