organization chart


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Organization chart

A chart showing the hierarchical interrelationships of positions within an organization.

Organization Chart

A graph stating the hierarchy of position in an organization and how they relate to one another. For example, an organization chart would state that all departments in a company ultimately answer to the board of directors which, in turn, answers to shareholders.
Organization chartclick for a larger image
Fig. 63 Organization chart. A ‘dotted line'relationship.
Organization chartclick for a larger image
Fig. 62 Organization chart. A simple example.

organization chart

a diagrammatic representation of the job tides and the formal patterns of AUTHORITY and RESPONSIBILITY in an ORGANIZATION. See Fig. 62.

Generally, such charts display the managerial HIERARCHY though they can be used to show all job positions within the organization. Though such charts are useful for presenting the overall structure, undue reliance should not be placed on such charts for the understanding of how organizations actually function. They rarely show the actual nature of job responsibilities.

They do not indicate what levels of cooperation may be necessary between departments, they do not show the actual communication flows nor the informal patterns of authority which may coexist with the formal channels. Organizations are usually much more complex and fluid than the organization chart suggests. In so far as the chart highlights the formal CHAIN OF COMMAND they can be said to embody a mechanistic conception of organization.,

More sophisticated organization charts may show ‘dotted-line’ relationships as well as the formal line of command. This is a representation of a relationship between two employees where one has no direct-line authority over the other but is empowered to give instruction on particular issues.

In Fig. 63 the Personnel Manager has a ‘dotted line’ relationship with the Area Manager, enabling him or her to give instructions on personnel issues. In theory the Personnel Manager's authority to do this flows from the powers of the General Manager. In practice those giving instructions through the ‘dotted-line’ may build up their own power base. See BUREAUCRACY, HIERARCHY, MECHANISTIC AND ORGANISMIC, SPAN OF CONTROL, LINE AND STAFF, PRODUCT-BASED STRUCTURE, FUNCTIONAL STRUCTURE, MATRIX STRUCTURE, DE-LAYERING, BUSINESS PROCESS RE-ENGINEERING.

References in periodicals archive ?
Taken to an extreme, this undermines the very concept of an organization chart since everyone begins to understand that nothing works the way the chart suggests.
While we must still have organization charts to define the ultimate accountability, three inter-related developments have intervened to push the conventional organization chart into the background and change the role of management.
I've learned that in the end, it's people, not organization charts or titles, that make our government run.
Mathes and Stevenson (1976) posit a reader-analysis plan based on the organization chart. Using this plan for both reader analysis and planning, they suggest that the proximity of the writer to the reader in the organization will influence the way the writer prepares the document.
The new structure of the organizational structure has a different subordination scheme for staff members." Members of the Board of Directors approved provisions on the Board of Directors, Board, risk manager, internal auditor, organization chart and budget."In order to ensure effective and transparent activities and oversight, the Development Fund plans to announce a tender for external audit.
Nine appendices are included: (1) Organization Chart; (2) Comparison of Staffing Ratios; (3) District Incidence Rates and Staff Ratios; (4) Individuals Interviewed; (5) Documents Reviewed; (6) Agenda for Site Visit; (7) Biographical Sketches of Strategic Support Team Members; (8) About the Organization; and (9) History of Strategic Support Teams.
Going back to that same jobbing foundry, the management team has taken this time to create an "organization chart of the future"--one that depicts the company as it will look when it is twice as big revenue-wise as it is today.
The Hadorns plan to do some traveling in 2000 and then make some decisions (he will likely land high on someone's organization chart)....LtCol Joe Klein (AFRL) retired at year's end after many years, with his last 13 years spent working on simulation technology.
Organizations--and health care organizations excel at this--usually have networks and coalitions of people that are not visible on the formal organization chart. These networks and coalitions help shape opinion.
Working together, cross-functional CEOs and CIOs create an IT organization chart tailor-made for their corporate strategies.

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