Obol

(redirected from obols)
Also found in: Dictionary, Encyclopedia.

Obol

An ancient Greek unit of weight approximately equivalent to 0.72 or 1.05 grams, depending on the region.
References in periodicals archive ?
One inhumation burial was of an obol type, reminiscent of the examples
Also, six obols (ob.) comprised one drachma (dr.), 100 dr.
In the Stelai, an unknown number of [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.] was sold for 60 drachmas, a small [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.] for 6 drachmas and 4 obols.
Not surprisingly, Diogenes is sold for only two obols, or one-three-hundredths of a mina.
As the Greeks thought that a lack of interest in public affairs was a sign of eccentricity or peculiarity the word eventually acquired the meaning we attribute to its present day form, 'idiot.' Presumably they thought that anyone who did not yearn to be a politician was a few obols short of a full drachma!
The mina was a unit of both weight and value, equivalent to 100 drachmas (and one drachma comprised six obols).
Aelian reports that in the fifth century peacocks could cost 10,000 drachmas each, (12) a princely sum indeed, considering that the average daily wage of an Athenian juror was a mere three obols. Although there is no other evidence of the peacocks in this scene, it seems fitting that, at the beginning of the play, Dicaeopolis' disgust is visually supported by the arrival of actual birds.
The use of the "three obol" motif is probably an allusion to Iamblichus, Protrepticus, 125, 1-8, who there interprets the Pythagorean akousma "a figure and a stepping stone, not a figure and three obols." He takes it to mean that we should study geometry, since by it we can ascend to an ontologically higher plane.(89)
[Part 1 of 2] Athenian Trial Court Officials king-archon presides and directs the proceedings Citizen Involvement * any Athenian citizen can bring to court an accusation against a fellow Athenian and can plead the case before the jury * the defendant (accused) pleads his case, he may read a speech written for him Qualifications of Jurors * Athenian citizen, of sound mind, 30 years or older, no disabilities Payment of Jurors * minimal, 3 obols (a poor day's pay) Length of Trial * has to be completed in 1 day Guilt * determined by jurors, a simple majority is required.
The theorikon seems to have been a fourth-century innovation, and the charge in the second half of the fifth century to have been two obols: not inconsiderable!
He referred to one bishop as `a slave, worth only a few obols', and he characterized a high-ranking imperial magistrate as a `bloated sea monster'.
REGARDING TomSlemen''s article on the OBOLs - I believe they are extraterrestrial in origin.