In sync with global theoretical shifts, the new public management
paradigm became rooted in the transformation discourse of the new South African state (Schwella 1991; Houston & Muthien 2000; Chipkin 2011).
Most of the reforms undertaken in various countries are generally described under NPM (New Public Management
In the end of this review, I would like to say that this book is useful because it makes a complex analysis of some concepts like urban governance, New Public Management
and urban management, and tries to explain the diferences between them.
Although it is a common knowledge by now that the so-called hierarchical governance model was dominant until the rise of the "good-old" New Public Management
in the early '90s, it would be a mistake if we were to dismiss the existence of substantial elements of the market and network philosophies of the past.
The starting point of New Public Management
was in 1991, when Christopher Hood' wrote the article "A Public Management for all Seasons".
It is clear that, over the course of the last 16 years, local and community justice have wrestled for space with, and sometimes against, the competing trends of new public management
Private sector management theory--notably the work of Drucker--had an influence on new public management
outside economic theory.
(2005) 'New Public Management
is Dead--Long Live Digital-Era Governance', Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, vol.
Putting the Public First is a classic statement of neo-liberal free market orthodoxy in general, and its New Public Management
prescription for restructuring the public sector in particular.
This shift was called as the new public management
(NPM) by Hood (1995), although some countries such as Australia, New Zealand, United Kingdom, etc are successful pioneers of the NPM reform, this new reform has received its share of criticism regardless of the positive reinforcement it had on those countries which have successfully applied it.
Others were inspired by some kind of fashion to make governments more efficient and responsive known as New Public Management
and who have been transforming the social security systems in most of the world (Askim, Christensen, Fimreite, and Laegreid, 20i0).
New Public Management
reforms have put into question the traditional mode of governance that was based on the interplay of strong state regulation and academic self-governance.