net present value

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Net present value (NPV)

The present value of the expected future cash flows minus the cost.
Copyright © 2012, Campbell R. Harvey. All Rights Reserved.

Net Present Value

A measure of discounted cash inflow to present cash outflow to determine whether a prospective investment will be profitable. For example, if a dentist wishes to purchase a new dental practice, he may calculate the net present value over a number of years to see if he will recover his investment in a reasonable period of time. If the ask price for the dental practice is $500,000, this is the present cash outflow used in the calculation. If the discounted cash inflow over, say, two years, is greater than or equal to $500,000, then the investment will likely be profitable. See also: Present value.
Farlex Financial Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All Rights Reserved

net present value

The discounted value of an investment's cash inflows minus the discounted value of its cash outflows. To be adequately profitable, an investment should have a net present value greater than zero. For investment in securities, the initial cost is usually the only outflow.
Wall Street Words: An A to Z Guide to Investment Terms for Today's Investor by David L. Scott. Copyright © 2003 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. All rights reserved.

net present value

Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson

net present value

Collins Dictionary of Economics, 4th ed. © C. Pass, B. Lowes, L. Davies 2005

net present value

An analytical tool for evaluating whether or not to purchase an investment. The tool does not tell you if an investment is good or bad;it tells you if the investment will meet your predetermined objectives or not.

• Critical to defining your objectives is setting the equivalent of an interest rate you would like to earn on your initial cash investment. This is called the discount rate. The discount rate may change from investment to investment, depending on your assessment of the risk. The safest investment is an FDIC-insured savings account, but it returns the lowest interest rate. You, the investor, decide what rate you would like to earn. You use the net-present-value tool to calculate whether a particular investment will earn the rate you want.

• Having said all that, the official definition of net present value is as follows: using a preselected discount rate, net present value is the present value of all cash incomes, less the present value of all cash outflows (including initial investment). If this is not clear, it will become so with the example below.

• If the net present value is 0 or a positive number, the investor should go forward. If the answer is negative for the discount rate selected, then the investment should not be made because it will not meet the investor's objectives, not because it is a “bad investment” in the ordinary sense of that phrase.

• The Excel formula for present value is pv (rate, cashflow, cashflow, cashflow)
‘'Rate” is the cell with the interest rate the investor would like to earn. Each of the “cashflow” entries is a cell address for cash flows by the end of each year, such as year 1, year 2, year 3, and so on. If an asset is sold in a particular year, the net sales price (after expenses of the sale) is entered as part of the cash flow for that year. One flaw of the system is that it assumes all cash flows are received at year-end, when they are really received over time, but that is usually a relatively minor problem.

The Complete Real Estate Encyclopedia by Denise L. Evans, JD & O. William Evans, JD. Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The key result would be that the lifetime net present value of the willingness to pay each period would be no greater than the net present value of the single period willingness to pay figures because the constraint of paying the same amount each period would be added to the problem.
The effect on the amount of manual work is analyzed, in addition to the characteristic values for the cost efficiency are the net present value and the payoff time of the additional investment for a Greenfield scenario are also highlighted in this paper.
Then, I calculate the interest rate that would be required to make the Net Present Value of each project zero.
The net present value of GSHPs was the highest in the present scenario and the lowest in the technology parity and future scenario, see Table 7 below.
This work presents the thermal and economic analysis of thermal power plant using thermodynamic analysis, and economic analysis based on Net present value approach.
Alternatively, the study found that delaying implementation by five years could decrease the net present value of the programs globally by $148 billion.
Net Present Value (NPV) is the difference between the present value of cash inflows and the present value of cash outflows.
The net present value (NPV) or net present worth (NPW) is a method for evaluating the profitability of an investment or project.
In a report entitled "Evaluation of Reserves Attributable to Gale Force Petroleum In Gulftex Field, Wood County, Texas, prepared as at May 1, 2010, the reserves of the Gulftex Property were estimated by an independent qualified reserves evaluator, Waterson Calhoun, P.Eng., of Crest Engineering Services, using a 10% discount rate, to have proved reserves of 19,820 net barrels of oil with a net present value of US$180,000, possible reserves of 45,160 net barrels of oil with a net present value of US$707,000 for total reserves of 64,990 barrels of oil with a net present value of US$888,000.
Benyamin at HC Securities estimated that the net present value of the loans would decline by 25 per cent if rates were cut to 4 percent to 5 per cent from 8 per cent to 9 per cent and maturities extended.
The approach estimates return on investment and net present value using cost of quality, total cost of ownership, and total life cycle costs.