Contraction

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Contraction

In a business cycle, the time between the peak and the bottom. That is, a contraction occurs between the end of economic growth and the end of the subsequent recession. Contractions are characterized by layoffs, a decline in GDP, and other negative factors. However, historically, contractions have tended not to last as long as expansions.
References in periodicals archive ?
3 miliseconds, and 3 miliseconds of duration, forming indirect, direct single, and tetanic muscle contractions, respectively.
The path then carried degradation of glycogen and glucose ranges after muscle oxygenation conditions: anaerobic path generation provides only 2 molecules of ATP, while aerobic conditions increase to 38 the number of ATP molecules as a primary source of energy for muscle contraction snapshots" (4si 5).
This finding was not in accordance with the sliding filament theory of muscle contraction.
The insulin-induced tracheal smooth muscle contraction was significantly reduced in salbutamol-treated group from 351.
Magnolol was tested on spontaneous colonic smooth muscle contraction, ACh-induced contraction in control tissues treated with different agents, and in the presence of voltage-sensitive [Na.
Previous research in our group suggests repeated stationary maximal-effort muscle contractions generate substantial fatigue in noninjured individuals, while causing short-term increases in peak voluntary strength in people with incomplete SCI.
During anaerobic muscle contraction ATP is rapidly hydrolyzed to adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and phosphate anion.
Dependence of muscle volume on muscle contraction and dependence of muscle contraction on pressure in the muscle can be derived from geometric model of the PAM (Piter, 2008):
All subjects underwent testing (1) with two types of stimuli and (2) with and without sternocleidomastoid muscle contraction monitoring.
These findings suggest that folate acts as a cardiac energy reserve, "providing much needed energy for muscle contraction, in the form of ATP, at the same time the heart is being starved for oxygen-carrying blood by a blocked artery.
These electrolytes are important for fluid balance, acid-base balance, muscle contraction, and nerve function.
Although several studies have compared pelvic floor elevation in women in different positions using MRI (Constantinou et al 2002) and transabdominal ultrasound (Frawley et al 2006a), no research using transabdominal ultrasound has directly compared displacement of the pelvic floor and endurance of an elevating pelvic floor muscle contraction in standing and crook-lying using an asymptomatic population comprising both males and females.