Goodnow, Municipal Home Rule
: A Study in Administration (New York: Macmillan and Co., 1895), Howard Lee McBain, The Law and The Practice of Municipal Home Rule
(New York: Columbia University Press, 1916), and Lane W.
New York courts' efforts to limit municipal home rule powers have, from the very beginning of municipal home rule, been focused on protecting investors' expectations against municipal innovations that are effectively expropriations.
Behind these early limits on municipal home rule lurked the idea that, if the City could operate a public bus or subway line, then the City would undermine the investments of private franchisees that had entered into franchise agreements with the City to provide such services.
power, the Municipal Home Rule Law demands a broad reading of local
local governments." (206) Concurrently, the Municipal Home Rule Law