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Price-Earnings Ratio

The price of a security per share at a given time divided by its annual earnings per share. Often, the earnings used are trailing 12 month earnings, but some analysts use other forms. The P/E ratio is a way to help determine a security's stock valuation, that is, the fair value of a stock in a perfect market. It is also a measure of expected, but not realized, growth. Companies expected to announce higher earnings usually have a higher P/E ratio, while companies expected to announce lower earnings usually have a lower P/E ratio. See also: PEG

multiple

1. In stock-index futures, the number multiplied by the futures price to determine the value of the contract. For example, the $500 multiple of the Standard & Poor's Midcap Index is multiplied by the futures price to determine the value of one contract. Thus, a futures price of $230 would yield a contract value of $115,000 ($500 × $230).

Multiple.

A stock's multiple is its price-to-earnings ratio (P/E). It's figured by dividing the market price of the stock by the company's earnings.

The earnings could be the actual earnings for the past four quarters, called a trailing P/E. Or they might be the actual figures for the past two quarters plus an analyst's projection for the next two, called a forward P/E.

Investors use the multiple as a way to assess whether the price they are paying for the stock is justified by its earnings potential. The higher the multiple they are willing to accept, the higher their expectations for the stock.

However, some investors reject stocks with higher multiples, since it may be impossible for the stock to meet the market's expectations.

References in periodicals archive ?
TECFIDERA was approved in Japan for the prevention of relapse and for delaying the accumulation of physical disability in multiple sclerosis in December 2016, and was launched in February 2017.
4 Little information exists regarding symptoms and disease progression of paediatric multiple sclerosis in Pakistan.
Multiple sclerosis is a chronic disease of the central nervous system, but the symptoms and progression are difficult to predict.
Prevalence of bowel dysfunction in patients with multiple sclerosis and bladder dysfunction.
Preclinical detection of initial vestibulocochlear abnormalities in a patient with multiple sclerosis.
One common feature of multiple sclerosis is that many symptoms worsen when patients are exposed to heat.
And so 35 of his friends - a team dubbed ``MARC-ing a Difference'' - will be walking three miles Sunday to raise money for the Multiple Sclerosis Society.
HRH Construction has been an invaluable ally in the fight against Multiple Sclerosis for more than 25 years, leading the way to securing support from a wide variety of construction and real estate concerns in New York City," stated Carol Kurzig, president of the National Multiple Sclerosis Society, New York City Chapter.
In automimmune diseases, such as multiple sclerosis, the immune system kills its own cells, chronically destroying tissue.
Multiple sclerosis is the most common acquired neurological disease in young adults in North America and Europe (Livneh & Antonak, 1997).
Building such connections brings us closer to our goal of understanding, controlling, and curing multiple sclerosis," Dr.
The report provides insights into Multiple Sclerosis epidemiology, Multiple Sclerosis diagnosed patients, and Multiple Sclerosis treatment rate for top seven pharmaceutical markets.

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