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Related to multiple infection: mixed infection

Price-Earnings Ratio

The price of a security per share at a given time divided by its annual earnings per share. Often, the earnings used are trailing 12 month earnings, but some analysts use other forms. The P/E ratio is a way to help determine a security's stock valuation, that is, the fair value of a stock in a perfect market. It is also a measure of expected, but not realized, growth. Companies expected to announce higher earnings usually have a higher P/E ratio, while companies expected to announce lower earnings usually have a lower P/E ratio. See also: PEG


1. In stock-index futures, the number multiplied by the futures price to determine the value of the contract. For example, the $500 multiple of the Standard & Poor's Midcap Index is multiplied by the futures price to determine the value of one contract. Thus, a futures price of $230 would yield a contract value of $115,000 ($500 × $230).


A stock's multiple is its price-to-earnings ratio (P/E). It's figured by dividing the market price of the stock by the company's earnings.

The earnings could be the actual earnings for the past four quarters, called a trailing P/E. Or they might be the actual figures for the past two quarters plus an analyst's projection for the next two, called a forward P/E.

Investors use the multiple as a way to assess whether the price they are paying for the stock is justified by its earnings potential. The higher the multiple they are willing to accept, the higher their expectations for the stock.

However, some investors reject stocks with higher multiples, since it may be impossible for the stock to meet the market's expectations.

References in periodicals archive ?
In the Nonreplacement lines, where multiple infections of host cells was very common, SV diameters were generally larger than in the Replacement lines [ILLUSTRATION FOR FIGURE 4 OMITTED].
Other HR-HPV (pool of 12 genotypes) were the most common in single (500/641) and in multiple infections (131/134).
Inspectors found hamsters had been allowed to bite each other so much that they had multiple infections and one couldn't even move.
Children with underlying chronic diseases, immunodeficiency, and multiple infections and those who received steroids or other immunomodulatory therapies were excluded from the study.
The most common type of ARI was MRSA (43%), followed by vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE, 31%), Escherichia coli/Klebsiella species (16%), and multiple infections (6%).
We discovered that dolphins get multiple infections of apillomaviruses, which are known to be linked with cervical cancer in women," said Hendrik Nollens, a marine mammal biologist and clinical assistant professor at UF's College of Veterinary Medicine at the annual meeting of the American Academy for the Advancement of Science.
In other reports of healthy young females, infection with high-risk types and multiple infections were risk factors for persistent infection," Dr.
However, the use of only one marker, no matter how polymorphic it is, would miss variation at other polymorphic loci, and thus, almost certainly underestimate the magnitude of multiple infections (34).
I had multiple infections around my body but at the time it wasn't a good idea to let that be known because it would have just looked like excuses.
I was shocked, to say the least, when my labs showed multiple infections.
Women who had sex only with women during the past year had the lowest incidence of multiple infections (4%), while the incidence was 5% among those who had sex only with men.
Multiple infections were as follows: 5 patients had two HPV subtypes, one had co-infection with three subtypes and one with five subtypes; 39 HPV subtypes were therefore found in 28 women, where 29/39 (74.

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