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Related to multiple infection: mixed infection

Price-Earnings Ratio

The price of a security per share at a given time divided by its annual earnings per share. Often, the earnings used are trailing 12 month earnings, but some analysts use other forms. The P/E ratio is a way to help determine a security's stock valuation, that is, the fair value of a stock in a perfect market. It is also a measure of expected, but not realized, growth. Companies expected to announce higher earnings usually have a higher P/E ratio, while companies expected to announce lower earnings usually have a lower P/E ratio. See also: PEG

multiple

1. In stock-index futures, the number multiplied by the futures price to determine the value of the contract. For example, the $500 multiple of the Standard & Poor's Midcap Index is multiplied by the futures price to determine the value of one contract. Thus, a futures price of $230 would yield a contract value of $115,000 ($500 × $230).

Multiple.

A stock's multiple is its price-to-earnings ratio (P/E). It's figured by dividing the market price of the stock by the company's earnings.

The earnings could be the actual earnings for the past four quarters, called a trailing P/E. Or they might be the actual figures for the past two quarters plus an analyst's projection for the next two, called a forward P/E.

Investors use the multiple as a way to assess whether the price they are paying for the stock is justified by its earnings potential. The higher the multiple they are willing to accept, the higher their expectations for the stock.

However, some investors reject stocks with higher multiples, since it may be impossible for the stock to meet the market's expectations.

References in periodicals archive ?
In the Nonreplacement lines, where multiple infections of host cells was very common, SV diameters were generally larger than in the Replacement lines [ILLUSTRATION FOR FIGURE 4 OMITTED].
Out of the 1041 individuals examined, 21.2% were found infected with single or multiple infections either with tapeworms or mixed with helminths and protozoans.
FTD's kits can distinguish between multiple infections through a single test.
Of the infected blood donors, 927(5.07%) had serological markers of infection with single pathogen and 71(0.38%) had multiple infections (co-infection).
The means of age and seminal parameters were compared in the total study population and in strata of HPV presence as follows: HPV-negative; mutually exclusive HPV-positive subgroups (HPV DNA-positive, exclusively HR HPV-positive, exclusively LR HPV-positive, and HPV-positive for multiple infections) by one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA).
Nevertheless, some authors consider this situation unusual given the weakening of the host and the resulting increase in susceptibility in acquiring multiple infections (Cansi et al.
Single and multiple infections showed a downward trend when compared to the previous studies with Ascaris lumbricoides persisting with the highest prevalence.
Although multiple infections with the same or different parasites have been reported, simultaneous infections are rare.
It can detect both single infections and multiple infections for 14 hrHPV genotypes using the TOCE technology.
The mode and occurrence of enteric parasitic infections in children from 15 schools were analyzed according to the two categories: single infection [Tables 3,4] and multiple infections [Table 51.
Owing to high prevalence of multiple infections among inhabitants of Afghanistan, it seems that a mass deworming campaign with a single-dose chemotherapy may prove ineffective in eradicating intestinal parasites in the local population.
Influenza A viruses dual and multiple infections with other respiratory viruses and risk of hospitalisation and mortality.

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