The disruption in the intestinal homeostasis results in the defective mucus barrier with increased permeability that results in inflammation and injury of the intestinal mucosal cells
Micronuclei being structures presenting after genomic damage in buccal mucosal cells
are good indicators of chromosomal alterations in cytological samples.
During intestinal inflammation, the gut microbiota can contribute to ROS production directly and/or indirectly through the mucosal cells
 (Figure 1).
Torii, "The potential of oral mucosal cells
for culture depithelium: a preliminary report," Annals of Plastic Surgery, vol.
In addition, this prostaglandin increases mucus secretion and bicarbonate to reinforce the resistance of mucosal cells
to the necrotizing effect of irritants (33).
Dlouhy et al.; "Autograft-derived spinal cord mass following olfactory mucosal cell
transplantation in a spinal cord injury patient"; Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine, 2014; 1 DOI: 10.3171/2014.5.SPINE13992
As radio- therapy continues, a steady state between mucosal cell
killing and mucosal cell
regeneration may occur and favor an acute reaction in the form of a prominent erythema.
The water and mucus found in saliva help lubricate food, which protects the mucosal cells
of the digestive tract from damage and makes swallowing easier.
Oral mucosal cells
, along with secreted substances, constitute the first line of defense.
In the present study, we found that SI induced intestinal mucosal cells
to secrete sIgA and increased [gamma][sigma]T cells, which were major histocompatibility complex-unrestricted innate-like lymphocytes.
Polaprezinc protects gastric mucosal cells
from noxious agents through antioxidant properties in vitro.