A Canadian researcher Lee Know explains how mitochondria
Macpherson: In the process of generating the energy our cells need, mitochondria
generate 90-95% of the damaging free radicals in the cell.
are the body's main source of free radicals that are
"Our system has the advantage of showing what happens to mitochondria
that age naturally within the human body."
The researchers looked at mitochondria
content in the muscles on the first day of therapy and 24 hours after the last treatment.
are primarily the batteries of the cells.
The study found that this cardiac lipid overload leads to numerous small, misshapen mitochondria
that don't produce energy as efficiently as normal mitochondria
This modest increase resulted in mitochondria
that became thinner and more twisted than mitochondria
in healthy heart cells.
The heart is a high-energy-demand tissue; therefore, functional mitochondria
are necessary for its correct function.
Every cell in our body, with the exception of red blood cells, has mitochondria
to create the energy to keep it alive.
By their morphological appearance mitochondria
are perhaps the most intriguing cell organelles.
The flies were fed a diet supplemented with nicotinamide, which is a precursor to nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+), a coenzyme needed for the generation of energy in cells' mitochondria
. NAD+ also helps protect neurons from degeneration.